judaism timeline


Adam and Eve

Approx. 4004 BCE

"Now the Lord God took the man, and He placed him in the Garden of Eden to work it and to guard it. And the Lord God said, "It is not good that man is alone; I shall make him a helpmate opposite him. And the Lord God built the side that He had taken from man into a woman, and He brought her to man." (Genesis 2: 15,18,22)

Noah's Flood

2348 BCE

"And the Lord said, "I will blot out man, whom I created, from upon the face of the earth, from man to cattle to creeping thing, to the fowl of the heavens, for I regret that I made them." But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with compartments, and you shall caulk it both inside and outside with pitch. And of all living things of all flesh, two of each you shall bring into the ark to preserve alive with you; they shall be male and female. And Noah did; according to all that God had commanded him, so he did." (Genesis 6:7,8,14,19,22)

Abraham and the Covenant with God

1900 BCE

"And Abram was ninety-nine years old, and God appeared to Abram, and He said to him, "I am the Almighty God; walk before Me and be perfect. And I will place My covenant between Me and between you, and I will multiply you very greatly." "As for Me, behold My covenant is with you, and you shall become the father of a multitude of nations. This is My covenant, which you shall observe between Me and between you and between your seed after you, that every male among you be circumcised. nd God said, "Indeed, your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you shall name him Isaac, and I will establish My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his seed after him. And Abraham was ninety-nine years old, when he was circumcised of the flesh of his foreskin." (Genesis 17: 1,2,4,7,10,14,16,19,24)

Jacob goes to Egypt

1706 BCE

"And Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Canaan that is Beth el he and all the people who were with him. He built there an altar, and he called the place El Beth el, for there God had been revealed to him when he fled from before his brother Esau. And God appeared again to Jacob when he came from Padan aram, and He blessed him. God said to him, "Your name is Jacob. Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel shall be your name." And He named him Israel.And God said to him, "I am the Almighty God; be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a multitude of nations shall come into existence from you, and kings shall come forth from your loins. And the land that I gave to Abraham and to Isaac, I will give to you and to your seed after you will I give the land." (Genesis 35: 6,7,9,10,11)

Enslavement in Egypt

1635 BCE

And Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The days of the years of my sojournings are one hundred thirty years. The days of the years of my life have been few and miserable, and they have not reached the days of the years of the lives of my forefathers in the days of their sojournings." So Jacob blessed Pharaoh and left Pharaoh's presence. Joseph settled his father and his brothers, and he gave them property in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had mandated. And Joseph sustained his father and his brothers and his father's entire household [with] bread according to the young children. (Genesis 47: 9,10,11,12)

Moses is Born

1571 BCE

"The woman conceived and bore a son, and [when] she saw him that he was good, she hid him for three months. [When] she could no longer hide him, she took [for] him a reed basket, smeared it with clay and pitch, placed the child into it, and put [it] into the marsh at the Nile's edge.Pharaoh's daughter went down to bathe, to the Nile, and her maidens were walking along the Nile, and she saw the basket in the midst of the marsh, and she sent her maidservant, and she took it.The child grew up, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and he became like her son. She named him Moses, and she said, "For I drew him from the water." (Exodus 2:2,3,5,6,10)

Exodus/10 Commandments

1491 BCE

"I will pass through the land of Egypt on this night, and I will smite every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast, and upon all the gods of Egypt will I wreak judgments I, the Lord. So the children of Israel went and did; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did. The children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot, the men, besides the young children. It came to pass on that very day, that the Lord took the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt with their legions. (Exodus 12:12, 28,36,37,51
"I am the Lord, your God, Who took you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.(Exodus 20: 1) God tells Moses the 10 commandments for his people to follow.

King david

1000 BCE

"David kept growing stronger, for the LORD of Hosts was with him." (1 Chronicles 11:9) David was the second king of Israel.

Solomon Builds the Temple in Jerusalem

996 BC

"When Solomon had finished building the House of the LORD and the royal palace and everything that Solomon had set his heart on constructing.then I will establish your throne of kingship over Israel forever, as I promised your father David, saying, 'Your line on the throne of Israel shall never end.' " (1 kings 9:1,5)

Assyria Conquers the Kingdom of Israel

722 BCE

"King Shalmaneser marched against him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute. Then the king of Assyria marched against the whole land; he came to Samaria and besieged it for three years.This happened because the Israelites sinned against the LORD their God, who had freed them from the land of Egypt, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. They worshiped other gods (2 KINGS 17:3,5,7)

Destruction of Temple by Neo-Babylonians

586 BCE

"King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon marched against him; he bound him in fetters to convey him to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar also brought some vessels of the House of the LORD to Babylon, and set them in his palace in Babylon.They burned the House of God and tore down the wall of Jerusalem, burned down all its mansions, and consigned all its precious objects to destruction. "(2 Chronicles 36:6,7,19)

Persian Cyrus the Great Conquers Babylon, ending exile

539 BCE

In fulfillment of the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah, until the land paid back its sabbaths; as long as it lay desolate it kept sabbath, till seventy years were completed. And in the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, when the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah was fulfilled, the LORD roused the spirit of King Cyrus of Persia to issue a proclamation throughout his realm by word of mouth and in writing, as follows:"Thus said King Cyrus of Persia: The LORD God of Heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and has charged me with building Him a House in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Any one of you of all His people, the LORD his God be with him and let him go up." (2 Chronicles 36: 21, 22, 23)

Completion of Second Temple in Jerusalem

515 BCE

"Anyone of you of all His people -- may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem that is in Judah and build the House of the LORD God of Israel, the God that is in Jerusalem; and all who stay behind, wherever he may be living, let the people of his place assist him with silver, gold, goods, and livestock, besides the freewill offering to the House of God that is in Jerusalem." King Cyrus of Persia released the vessels of the LORD's house which Nebuchadnezzar had taken away from Jerusalem and had put in the house of his god. " (Ezra 1:3,4,5)

Destruction of the Temple by the Romans

70 CE

Romans sacked the city of Jerusalem, and destroyed the temple.