romelia

Events

National Level

The U. S. capital is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.

Approx. 1800

New York passes Emancipation Act

1801

Emancipation Act abolish slavery in New york

Jefferson asks Congress for funds for an expedition to explore the Mississippi River and beyond in search of a route to the Pacific

1803

The United States Congress approved the Indian Removal Act

1830

This act facilitated the relocation of Indian tribes from east of the Mississippi River. This act increased the pressure on Indian tribes to accept land exchange treaties with the U.S. government

Treaty of New Echota is signed

1835

The Cherokee tribe is forced to abandon their lands in Georgia and across the Mississippi River after gold is found on their land. In exchange they were giving a compensation.

Andrew Jackson was the first U.S. president attempted of murder

1835

War with Mexico

1846 - 1848

The first U.S. armed conflict chiefly fought on foreign soil.

The Pottawatomie Massacre

1856

The murder of five men from a proslavery settlement on Pottawatomie Creek.

Lincoln is elected presindent of the U.S.

1860

Civil War Begins

1861

The civil war originated because of differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery. At the end of 1860 South Carolina was the first slave state to split, and it was followed by others in early 1861

End of the Civil War

1864

Presindent Lincoln is shot and dies

1864

The 15th amendment is endorsed, giving African Americans but not women the right to vote

1870

The U.S. Supreme Court finds part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional.

1875

they were allowing discrimination based on people's race. This also included corporations.

“Jim Crow” laws

1880

Legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.

Meat Inspection Acts

1890 - 1891

Plessy vs. Ferguson decision by Supreme Court

1896

this decision states that racial segregation is approved under the separate but equal doctrine.

Oil is discovered in Indian territory for the first time on land.

1897

This territory was leased from the Osage tribe, and this discovery created a rapid population growth near Bartlesville, Oklahoma.

San Juan, Puerto Rico is bombed by the American navy.

1898

Puerto Rico is overtaken by the United States. During the Spanish-American War Spain decides to cede this land to the United States.

U.S. entry into WW1

April 4, 1917

The U.S. Senate voted in support to declare war on Germany. The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.

The Great Depression in the U.S.

1929 - 1939

The deepest and longest lasting economic downturn in U.S. history

U.S. entry into WW2

1941

The U.S. did not participated in WW2 until the Japanese bombed Pear Harbor in Hawaii, this was in 1941. President Franklin Roosevelt was the presindent at that time.

The first color televisions go on sale.

1953

Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man

1955

This caused a boycott on African Americans riding busses, and leads to the declaration that bus segregation laws were unconstitutional by a federal court.

Alaska becomes the 49th state in the U.S. follow by Hawaii

1959

Martin Luther King is killed

1968

The Hubble Telescope is placed into orbit by the United States Space Shuttle Discovery

1990

A month after, the telescope starts operating.

U.S. involvement in the Gulf War

1990

President Clinton signs "Don't ask don't tell" into law.

1993

This law prohibits gay or bisexual people serving in the military.

Hillary Clinton wins a seat for the United States Senate.

2000

This is the first time a First Lady wins public office.

Anthrax attacks by mail from Princeton

2001

Hurricane Katrina strikes the Gulf Coast

2005

Inundating New Orleans and over one thousand three hundred people perish from Alabama to Louisiana.

The first female speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives

2007

Nancy Pelosi of San Francisco, is sworn into office.

The economic recession continues, claims of jobless people climb above 10.0%,

2009

Donald Trump becomes president of the U.S.

2017

State/Chicago

Illinois was admitted to the union as a State

1818

Construction and land sales began in Chicago

1830

The Black Hawk War begins and raged from Illinois to Wisconsin

1832

Black Hawk ( Indian man ) withdrew his large band of warriors including women and children. He led them back into unclear territory, believing that other Indian forces and the British to the north would support him. However, an army caught up to Black Hawk and his followers near the Rock River of northern Illinois. one of his bearers was killed in confusion and that’s how the Black Hawk War began.

Population was about 300

1833

Chicago was Incorporated as a city

1837

Chicago's oldest business, C.D. Peacock Jewelers was founded

1837

The population in Chicago was over 400

1837

First issue of Chicago Tribune published

1847

The Chicago Board of Trade is founded

1848

The Illinois and Michigan Canal was completed and the Illinois River Valley was open to trade through Chicago

1848

Chicago police department was formed

1855

Marshall Fields opened a store at State Street and Washigton

1858

Abraham Lincoln nominated at Chicago's first national convention

1860

Chicago Union Stockyards completed

1865

This was the meatpacking district in Chicago. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that obtained swampland and turned it into a centralized processing area.

The great fire in Chicago

1871

The dry weather and the abundance of lumbar wood being stock in Chicago created this massive fire in the city. It is believed that destroyed thousands of buildings, killed an about 300 people and caused an around $200 million in damages.

Chicago Public Library opens

1873

Telephone service begins in Chicago

1878

Chicago's Art Institute is founded

1879

Jane Addams founds the Hull House

1889

Minnesota, California, and Illinois chief wheat States; Babcock butterfat test devised

1890

The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago

1891

This company was selling soap, baking powder, and by next year, chewing gum.

Provident Hospital begins services to African Americans in Chicago

1891

Chicago Butter and Egg Board founded

1898

Wrigley Field opens in the north side of Chicago

1914

Municipal Pier later called Navy Pier is completed

1916

St. Valentine's Day Massacre

1929

On February 14th on the Chicago's North side, seven men associated with the Irish gangster George “Bugs” Moran, one of Capone’s enemies, were shot to death by several men dressed as policemen.

Merchandise Mart opens

1930

Free schools were stablished in Chicago

1940

After the State Bank failed the canal construction was suspended

1942

Martin Luther King Jr. marches in Chicago

1966

About 700 people marched to Marquette Park on Chicago's southwest side. The civil-rights leader and his supporters were protesting on housing segregation.

Lincoln Park Zoo was founded

1968

Chicago water tower built

1969

Sears Tower (later Willis Tower) completed

1973

This tower became the world’s tallest building at that time

Deep Tunnel Project begins

1975

This project purpose was to reduce flooding in the metropolitan Chicago area, as well as reduce the harmful effects of flushing raw sewage into Lake Michigan.

Rapid Transit Line extended to O’Hare Airport

1984

Flow of the Chicago River reversed

1990

Barack Obama, Democratic Senator from Illinois, becomes the 44th president of the U.S.

2009

He also was the first African American president of the U.S.

Northbrook

Potawatomi tribe ceded their land in Illinois, including Northbrook area

1833

This tribe relocated near Council Bluffs, Iowa.

Shermerville, now known as Northbrook was a farm town

1870

The town was incorporated as Shermerville, with about 60 homes and 311 residents

1901

Ordinance passed for cinder sidewalks

1902

Residents felt that the Shermerville name had a bad reputation

1921

The new name of Northbrook was submitted by Edward Landwehr, and it was adopted as the official name

1923

Northbrook Park District was founded

1927

The population was 1,265 residents in Northbook

1940

First Post Office established, called Sherman

1940

A water line was created to bring Lake Michigan water to Northbrook’s new water treatment plant.

1942

Glenbrook North High School was founded, as Glenbrook High School

1953

Cherry Lane Shopping Center opens

1959

The population in Northbrook was 11,635.

1960

Second District 225 High School opens. Glenbrook High School renamed Glenbrook North High School

1962

Dundee Road Fire Station built

1971

Northbrook Court Shopping Center opens

1976

Northbrook Park District purchases Sportsman’s Country Club

1978

Northbrook Post Office opens on Dundee Road

1980

New Village Hall opens on Cedar Lane

1990

Village Population, 33,345

2000

Residents approve for the purchase of 60 acre Anetsberger property

2000

Northbrook Centennial celebration

2001

Northbrook population 33,663

2015

Transportation National and State Level

Chicago's first railroad, the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad were completed

1836

This railroad was running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport.

Railroad strike in Chicago

1877

First automobile in the U.S.

1885

Benz Patent Motor Car, the first automobile

The first gasoline tractor was built by John Froelich

1892

The era of the subway begins in Boston, Massachusetts.

1897

The first underground public transportation in North America opens in Boston, Massachusetts.

Chicago freight tunnels

1901

those are narrow gauge railway freight tunnel network under the downtown Chicago

Union Station completed

1925

Municipal Airport or Midway opens

1927

Chicago Transit Authority created

1945

Also known as the CTA, this is the operator of mass transit in Chicago

"The Pioneer" was the first locomotive on the road in Chicago

1948

The St. Lawrence Seaway is opened along the Canada and United States borders.

1959

This increased ship traffic between the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes.

O'Hare Airport opens

1963

Southwest Expressway (Adlai E. Stevenson) completed

1964