Holocaust

Events

Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Von Hindenburg.

30th January 1933

The first official Nazi concentration camp opens in Dachau, a small village located near Munich

March 22, 1933

Boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.

April 1, 1933

Laws for Reestablishment of the Civil Service barred Jews from holding civil service, university, and state positions

April 7, 1933

The Gestapo is established by Herman Goering, minister of Prussia.

April 26, 1933

Public burnings of books written by Jews, political dissidents, and others not approved by the state

May 10, 1933

Law excluding East European Jewish immigrants of German citizenship

July 14, 1933

Hitler proclaims himself Führer und Reichskanzler Armed forces must now swear allegiance to him.

August 2, 1934

Jews barred from serving in the German armed forces

May 31, 1935

"Nuremberg Laws": first anti-Jewish racial laws enacted; nor could they fly the German flag.

September 15, 1935

Germany defines a "Jew": anyone with three Jewish grandparents; someone with two Jewish grandparents who identifies as a Jew

November 15, 1935

Jewish doctors barred from practicing medicine in German institutions.

March 3, 1936

Germans march into the Rhineland, previously demilitarized by the Versailles Treaty.

March 7, 1936

Sachsenhausen concentration camp opens.

July 12, 1936

Hitler and Mussolini form Rome-Berlin Axis

October 25, 1936

Buchenwald concentration camp opens

July 15, 1937

Mandatory registration of all property held by Jews inside the Reich

April 26, 1938

Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria

August 8, 1938

17,000 Polish Jews living in Germany expelled; Poles refused to admit them; 8,000 are stranded in the frontier village of Zbaszyn.

October 28, 1938

All Jewish kids were expelled from German schools

November 15, 1938

Germans occupies Czechoslovakia.

March 15, 1939

Ravensbruck concentration camp opens.

May 18, 1939

Beginning of World War II: Germany invades Poland. In the following weeks, 16.336 civilians are murdered by the Nazis in 714 localities. At least 5,000 victims were Jews.

September 1, 1939

Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland.

October 12, 1939

First Polish ghetto established in Piotrkow.

October 28, 1939

Jews in German-occupied Poland forced to wear an arm band or yellow star

November 23, 1939

Germans occupy Denmark and southern Norway

April 9, 1940

Germans occupy Denmark and southern Norway

May 7, 1940

Germany invades the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France

May 10, 1940

Concentration camp established at Auschwitz

May 20, 1940

France surrenders

June 22, 1940

Battle of Britain begins

July 10, 1940

Warsaw Ghetto sealed: ultimately contained 500,000 people

November 16, 1940

German authorities begin rounding up Polish Jews for transfer to Warsaw Ghetto

February 1, 1941

Germany attacks Yugoslavia and Greece; occupation follows

April 6, 1941

Germany invades the Soviet Union

June 22, 1941

German Jews required to wear yellow star of David with the word "Jud

September 1, 1941

34,000 Jews massacred at Babi Yar outside Kie

September 28, 1941 - September 29,1941

Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

Dec. 7, 1941

United States declares war on Japan and Germany

December 11, 1941

Wannsee Conference in Berlin: Heydrich outlines plan to murder Europe's Jews

January 20, 1942

Extermination begins in Belzec; by end of 1942 600,000 Jews murdered

March 17, 1942

Germans establish Treblinka concentration camp

July 22, 1942

Warsaw Ghetto revolt begins as Germans attempt to liquidate 70,000 inhabitants; Jewish underground fights Nazis until early June

April 19, 1943

Armed revolt in Sobibor extermination camp

October 14, 1943

Germany occupies Hungary.

March 19, 1944

Nazis begin deporting Hungarian Jews; by June 27, 380,000 sent to Auschwitz.

May 15, 1944

D-Day: Allied invasion at Normandy

June 6, 1944

Group of German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler.

July 20, 1944

Revolt by inmates at Auschwitz; one crematorium blown up;

October 27, 1944

Beginning of death march of approximately 40,000 Jews from Budapest to Austria.

November 8, 1944

Evacuation of Auschwitz; beginning of death march

January 17, 1945

Beginning of death march for inmates of Stutthof

January 25, 1945

Liberation of Bergen-Belsen

April 15, 1945

Liberation of Sachsenhausen

April 22, 1945

Liberation of Flossenburg

April 23, 1945

Liberation of Dachau and Buchenwald

April 29, 1945

Liberation of Ravensbruck

April 30, 1945

Hitler commits suicide

April 30, 1945

Liberation of Mauthausen

May 7, 1945

V-E Day

May 8, 1945

Bombing of Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

Bombing of Nagasaki

August 9, 1945

V-J Day

August 15, 1945

Japan surrenders and it;s the end of World War II

September 2, 1945