SMEI 1

Events

Collapse of Communism

1898

League of Nations

1919 - 1946

World War II

1939 - 1945

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Yalta Conference

February 1945

European Union of Federalist (EUF)

1946

Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

Truman doctrine

1947

Treaty of Dunkirk

March 1947

Marshall Plan

5 June 1947

European Congress in The Hague

May 1948

Creation of the Council of Europe

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

1949

Schuman Plan

9 May 1950
  • German problem
  • coal
  • national position
  • rebuild Italy's reputation
  • US

European Coal and Steel Community

1951 - 2002

European Defense Community

1952

Treaty of Paris

April 1952

European Economic Community

1957 - Present

Euratom

1957 - Present

Positive vibe

Approx. 1957 - Approx. 1961

Treaty of Rome

March 1957

EEC + Euratom

Acceleration agreement

1960

(Industry)

Fouchet plan

1961

Foreign defense policy of states
intergovernmental

Positive feeling fades away

Approx. 1961 - Approx. 1969

Crisis

1963

De Gaulle vetoes UK

Treaty of Brussels

1965

Treaty unifying the 3 communities into a European Community

Empty chair crisis

1965

Luxembourg Compromise

1966

Right to veto for national interests
No community budget

Dark ages of European integration

Approx. 1969 - Approx. 1979

The Hague Summit

1969

Completion
Widening
Deepening
(EMU)
EPC

European Council

1974

First direct elections for EP

June 1979

Fontainebleau

1984

British budget rebate
Commit to interne market

SEA (Single European Act)

1985

It revises the Treaty of Rome and aims to create an internal market within the EC. It abolishes national vetoes in a number of policy areas relating to the single market.

J Delors: White paper
300 measures -> SEA (big idea)

SEA comes into effect

1987

Hannover European Council

1988

It establishes a committee of central bankers and technical experts (chairmanship: Delors) to propose measures necessary to further develop monetary union.

Collapse of Communism

1989

Delors Report

May 1989

Madrid European Council
3-stage progress to monetary union leading to a single currency by 1999

Fall of Berlin Wall

9 November 1989

Fall of Communism
-> what to do with Germany?
-> what about the Eastern European countries?

Reunification of Germany

1990

IGCs' negotations

January 1991

1989: IGC on monetary union
1990: IGC on political union
=> Treaty of Maastricht

Intergovernmental period

Approx. 1992 - Approx. 2000

Treaty on European Union

1992

Maastricht Treaty
Monetary union
Strengthening of the European Parliament through extension of co-decision procedure
Creation of a Committee of the Regions and Local Authorities
Principle of subsidiarity
European citizenship and its rights ( to circulate and reside freely in the Community; to vote and stand as a candidate for European and municipal elections in the state in which he or she resides; to receive protection while in a non-EU country from diplomatic or consular authorities of a member state other than that of his or her state of origin; to petition the EP or submit a complaint to the Ombudsman)

European Union

November 1993 - Present

European Economic Area (EEA)

1994

Treaty of Amsterdam

1997

Little extension
QMV
MS have different opinions

Treaty of Nice

2000

3 majority QMV