Ancient and Classical Timeline

Events

Harappan Civilization

2700 BCE

This is one of the earliest Indian Civilizations that was created around the Indus River.

The world's largest pyramid was built

2550 BCE

Giza is the world's largest pyramid that was constructed by Pharoah Khufu.

Mythical Xia Dynasty

2070 BCE

This was the first dynasty mentioned in Ancient Chinese historical texts; however, there is not enough evidence to support if it is true or not.

Monotheism in Egypt

1353 BCE

A pharaoh named Akhenaten, worshipped only one god know as "the sun god" shortly after he died, the Egyptians returned to their polythestic traditions.

The spread of Zoroastrainism

550 BCE

Cyrus, a chief of a small Mesopotamian tribe, began to conquer land around the Tigris and Euphrates river to spread his religion.

Official Religion of the Roman Empire

380 CE

Many years after the Edict of Milan, Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of Rome.

Fall of the Roman Empire

476 CE

The Roman empire fell because of military, political, and social issues that arose throughout the years.

Ancient and Classical Timeline

The adoption of currency in Mesopotamia

546 BCE

Cyrus conquered Lydia which was the first civilizations to use coin currency. Because of this, the Persian Empire adopted this idea.

The division of the Persian Empire

520 BCE

The Persian King at the time, Darius divided the empire into 120 small states in order for it to make it easier to control.

The creation of Buddhism

500 BCE

Buddhism was created by Siddhartha Gautama, an Indian prince.

Athenian Direct Democracy

460 BCE

Greece was divided into Poleis. Athen had a democracy where citizens directly voted on an issue.

"The Allegory of the Cave"

380 BCE

Plato, a greek philosopher, wrote "The Allegory of the Cave" to show why people should be led by a philosopher king.

Hellenistic Culture

334 BCE

Alexander the Great wanted to respect all cultures of the areas he conquered. In doing so he created a culture that was a mix between Greek, Egyptian, Indian, and Persian traditions.

Spread of Buddhism

270 BCE

Asoka, the third Mauryan emperor, converted to Buddhism soon after rising to power. In order to spread his religion, he placed pillars around the empire.

The Han Dynasty

220 BC

The rise of the Han Dynasty was a prosperous time for China.

The Great Wall of China

220 BCE

Shi Huangdi feared the Mongol's attacks against China, so he initiated the construction of the wall.

Shi Huangdi's underground Necropolis

210 BCE

Huangdi was buried in an underground city filled with 8000 soldiers made of terra cotta.

Rosetta Stone

196 BCE

People are able to decipher hieroglyphics because the stone had the same messages written in both greek and hieroglyphics.

The First Roman Emperor

31 BCE

Augustus Caesar is known as Rome's first emperor by historians.

Edict of Milan

313 CE

Constantine, a Roman emperor established the Edict of Milan to make it illegal to massacre Christians.