The Dutch were the commercial, shipping, and financial leaders of Europe.
Exemplified by the "Sun King" aka Louis XIV Bourbon of France, marks the rise of rulers throughout Europe who had absolute power over their nations. Mercantilism became th primary form of economy of the day, and the issue of religion disappeared in European wars, now replaced by the issue of the balance of power.
Spanning the rules of James I, Charles I, Charles II, James II, and Queen Anne. Time when there was an absolute monarch in England
Pitted supporters of the Parliament against supporters of the king, and at stake were both political power and control of English economics.
1638-1715; Louis XIV Bourbon of France rose to power in 1643. Considered the Model of Absolutism. His goals were territorial expansion and the spread of Catholicism.
Cromwell formed a new government called the Commonwealth. Democratic republic.
Cromwell formed the Protectorate, which was effectively a military dictatorship.
1672-1725; Installed an absolute monarchy in Russia.
Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes, stripping Calvinists of their rights in France.
Prussia became the power in northern Germany, as opposed to Austria which lay in the south.
There was a lot of confusion as to who was the Heir to the Spanish throne until Philip was recognized as the King of Spain.
In hopes of making the Austrian- French alliance a force to be reckoned with Maria Theresa of Austria married her daughter, Marie Antoinette, to Louis XVI, heir to the French throne.....it didn't work if anything proved to be one of the central causes for the start of the French Revolution.
used by Catholics in the Counter-Reformation. Characterized by its rich and vibrant colors, its intense use of light, great drama, and exuberance.
mystic nun in a trance in the height of religious rapture.
German Composer of the Baroque Era