Absolutism & Baroque Art

1550-1850

Absolutism

Dutch Golden Age

1570 - Approx. 1655

The Dutch were the commercial, shipping, and financial leaders of Europe.

Absolutism

1600 - 1750

Exemplified by the "Sun King" aka Louis XIV Bourbon of France, marks the rise of rulers throughout Europe who had absolute power over their nations. Mercantilism became th primary form of economy of the day, and the issue of religion disappeared in European wars, now replaced by the issue of the balance of power.

Stuart England

1603 - 1714

Spanning the rules of James I, Charles I, Charles II, James II, and Queen Anne. Time when there was an absolute monarch in England

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Pitted supporters of the Parliament against supporters of the king, and at stake were both political power and control of English economics.

Louis XIV Bourbon of France

1643 - 1715

1638-1715; Louis XIV Bourbon of France rose to power in 1643. Considered the Model of Absolutism. His goals were territorial expansion and the spread of Catholicism.

Commonwealth

1650 - 1653

Cromwell formed a new government called the Commonwealth. Democratic republic.

Protectorate

1654 - 1658

Cromwell formed the Protectorate, which was effectively a military dictatorship.

Peter Romanov the Great of Russia

1682 - 1725

1672-1725; Installed an absolute monarchy in Russia.

Edict of Nantes Revoked

1685

Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes, stripping Calvinists of their rights in France.

Rise of Prussia

1701 - 1740

Prussia became the power in northern Germany, as opposed to Austria which lay in the south.

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

There was a lot of confusion as to who was the Heir to the Spanish throne until Philip was recognized as the King of Spain.

Peace of Utrech

1715

Louis XVI marries Marie Antoinette

1770

In hopes of making the Austrian- French alliance a force to be reckoned with Maria Theresa of Austria married her daughter, Marie Antoinette, to Louis XVI, heir to the French throne.....it didn't work if anything proved to be one of the central causes for the start of the French Revolution.

Baroque Art

Baroque Art

1600 - 1750

used by Catholics in the Counter-Reformation. Characterized by its rich and vibrant colors, its intense use of light, great drama, and exuberance.

Judith Slaying Holofernes

1612

Bernini "Ecstasy of St. Teresa"

1652

mystic nun in a trance in the height of religious rapture.

Johann Pachelbel

1 september 1653 - 3 march 1706

German Composer of the Baroque Era

St. Petersburg is constructed

1703