Renaissance & Humanism

1300-1600

Humanism

Humanism

1300 - 1500

an intellectual movement that advocated the study of history and literature as a chief means of identifying with the glories of the ancient world.

Francesco Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Italian scholar, poet and early humanist. His sonnets debunked the Medieval conceptions and stereotypes of people. Supposedly the first Humanist

Giovanni Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

Wrote the Decameron, a short story about the lies of people living during the Black Death. The book focused on people's responses to the plague rather than God's wrath.

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Italian Renaissance humanist philosopher and scholar. Authored the "Oration on the Dignity of Man," which became known as "manifesto of the Renaissance." Man has unlimited potential, and with his free will can be anything he wants to be.

Desiderius Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Dutch humanist and theologian. "Handbook of a Christian Knight"

Sir Thomas More

1478 - 1535

English lawyer, writer, and politician. Devout Catholic who wrote "Utopia"

Renaissance

Renaissance

1350 - 1600

A renewed interest in science and experimentation and a focus on the importance of living well in the present as opposed to the afterlife as promoted by the Church.

Gutenberg Printing Press

1440

Johannes Gutenberg created a printing press with movable type

Leonardo da Vinci

15 April 1452 - 2 May 1519

was known as one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, as a result of his innovations in both art and science.

Michelangelo

March 6, 1475 - February 18, 1564

One of the most prominent and important artists of the Renaissance.

Raphael

1483 - 1520

Famous painter and architect during the Renaissance

The Prince (Machiaveli)

1532

A political treatise by Niccolo Machiavelli, was basically a "how to be a successful national leader for Dummies"