It stated that further efforts by European nations to take control of any independent state in North or South America would be viewed as "the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States."
Two rival groups left - monarchists and communists. They both resisted against the Nazis and want to rule the country.
He sends troops into Greece to support the Monarchists. The king was returned to power.
Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan once Germany surrendered.
Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones
Hunt down and punish war criminals responsible for the genocide
Countries liberated from occupation by the German army could hold free elections
Big three agreed to join the UN
Eastern Europe should be seen as a 'soviet sphere of influence'
DISAGREEMENT - Poland and the border
He is replaced by president Truman
He's worried about:
. The 12 million in the Red Army
. Causing WW3
Truman informs Stalin of this at the start of Potsdam
Churchill was replaced by Attlee halfway through so the conference was dominated by suspicion between Truman and Stalin.
Stalin wanted to crippple Germany but Truman didn't want to repeat the mistakes of Versailles.
Stalin wanted compensation from Germany for the 20,000,000 Russian lives that were lost - once again, Truman was weary of this.
Soviet policy in Eastern Europe
Some argue this was to end the war quickly. Some argue it was to scare the life out of Russia.
Later became known as 'West Germany' in 1949
They all owe their loyalty to Stalin
USSR say that the British troops are a threat to peace in Greece. Nothing is done. So, the communists tried to take control by force - civil war.
British could not afford to fight in a civil war - Truman steps in and pays.
The USA was prepared to send money, equipment and advice to any country which was threatened by a communist take-over.
Truman believed that communism succeeded when people faced poverty and hardship. George Marshall was sent to assess Europe's economic state and he discovered that it was terrible. The countries of Europe owed $11.5 billion to the USA. Most countries were still rationing bread. Churchill described Europe as a 'rubbish heap, a breeding ground of hate'.
Marshall suggested that around $17 billion would be needed to rebuild Europe's prosperity. 'Our policy,' he said, 'is directed against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos.'
They refused to grant his money - they were concerned about his involvement in foreign affairs.
In March 1948, in Czechoslovakia, Anti-soviet leaders were purged and obe pro-american minister, Jan Masaryk, is found dead below his open window - communists say he fell, americans suspect he was pushed. Immeadiately, Congress accepted the Marshall Plan and made $17 billion available over 4 years.
Stalin felt that Marshall Aid would weaken his grip on Eastern Europe and make countries dependent on US dollars
Monarchists in power but they're a weak government.
USSR's response to NATO