Cold War

Events

Berlin Airlift

Approx. June 24, 1948 - Approx. May 4, 1949

This all happened in Berlin, Germany. It hapened between Germany and the United States. Gerneral Lucious Clay called for the airlift, and President Truman approved it. The airlift was a response to the Berlin Blockade. U.S. sent 270,000 flights into West Berlin to provide 2.5 Million tons of supplies to help keep Berlin civilians alive. The Significance in this event was that it became a symbol of the West's commitment to resisting communist expansion.

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 14, 1953

It occured within both North and South Korea. It was battle between the korea's. The U.S. helped South Korea and the Soviets helped North Korea. There was no winner of the war, ending exactly how it started! North Korea wanted to unite all of Korea under communist rule. It destroyed both North and South Korea. North Korea became isolated from all of the world, while South Korea begins it's economic growth.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Execution

Approx. June 19, 1953

The Rosenbergs were executed in New York. The U.S. and the Soviet Union were involved. Klaus Fechs was the person who gave the U.S. the Rosenbergs name. The Rosenbergs passed atomic U.S. secrets back to the Soviet Union, whoch ended in their execution. They were the first and only people to be put to death for spying during the cold war.

Sputnik

October 4, 1957 - January 4, 1958

It was lauched from the Soviet Union into outerspace. The Soviets lauched Sputnik for space exploration purposes. They also wanted to be the first ones to explore space. This triggered what is known as the "space race." The Americains responded by going one step farther. Going to the moon.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

April 17, 1961 - Approx. June 2, 1961

This happened in the Bay of Pigs in Southern Cuba. It was a battle between the U.S. and Cuba. President Kennedy, Allen Dulles and Fidel Castro were the leaders at this time. We lost horribly! The U.S. was trying to kill Castro's influence within Latin America. Our invasion was very poorly executed, expecially the landing. After this, people started to criticize Kennedy.

Cuban Missile Crisis

Approx. October 10, 1962 - October 28, 1962

It happened in Cuba. The U.S., the Cubans, and the Soviets were involved. Kennedy and Khrushchev were big leaders during this, along with Castro. The U.S. won this event. A U.S. spy plane flying over Cuba discovered missile sites for the Soviets. The Soviets were preparing to attack the U.S. We evaded a nuclear war!

U.S. Troops enter Vietnam

March 8, 1965 - April 29, 1975

It happened in Vietnam. It was a war between the U.S., Vietnam and Kiet Cong guerrillas. President Johnson ordered to send troops in. North Vietnam won and took over not only South Vietnam but also annexed Laos and Cambodia. We went into the war trying to stop the "domino effect."

Soviet war in Afghanistan

Approx. December 7, 1979

It happened in Afghanistan. It was a war between Afghanistan, the U.S. and the Soviets. President Nixon and Ford created a policy of detante with the USSR. President Carter criticized the USSR and then created SALT II. That tready was broken when the USSR invaded Afghanistan. The U.S. makes attempts to make moscow withdraw. Carter Boycotts the Olympic Games in Moscow.

Fall of the Berlin Wall

November 9, 1989

It happened in Berlin. It involved East and West Berlin, Germany and the U.S. Ronald Reagan and General Secretary Gorbachev were people involved. The wall opened about two years after Reagans speech. It opened to stop oppression and to give peace and prosperity to those who lived there.