The Celts were farmers, hunters, fishermen and metal workers. They introduced the iron plough and hill forts. They worshipped natural elements and they believed in immortality and in the transmigration of the soul.
It was leaded by Julius Caesar.
Emperor Claudius conquered Britain
The Romans were attracted by the rich agriculture and tin and lead.
the construction of Hadrian's Wall
Emperor Hadrian ordered the construction of a wall to mark the border between the conquered Britons and the unconquered Scots and Picts. It was one of the greatest engineering projects of the ancient world.
end of Roman control
Roman soldiers were withdrawn to defend Rome against the Barbarian raiders.
the Anglo- Saxons arrived
They were Jutes, Angles and Saxons. Their society was founded on loyalty to the family or clan. They were farmers.
Christianity is back in Britain
Pope Gregory I the Great sent the monk Augustine in Britain. He became the first Archbishop of Canterbury, wich is still the most important church in England.
The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
A new monastery was founded on the River Tyne where the scholar Venerable Bede wrote the book. He used the word "Angle-land" for the first time becoming "the father of English history".
the Vikings invaded Britain
They established Danelaw, a code of Danish laws.
Battle of Edington
Alfred, the king of Wessex, defeated the Danish commander Guthrum; he reorganised the army and he built fortresses. He established his capital at Winchester.
the coronation of William
William was crowned William I in Westminster Abbey, in London on Christmas Day.
Battle of Hastings
Harold, the last king of Wessex, defeated the Daned but then he had to march suoth to fight the Duke of Normandy. Harold was killed and the Anglo-Saxons were conquered by the Normans.
the Domesday Book
It demostrated William's power but it was also used for collecting the property tax. It listed the different types of land and their use, the number of productive people and their status and animals. It showed England as a rich and developed agricultural country.