Birth of Britain


the Celts arrived from Germany

700 BC

The Celts were farmers, hunters, fishermen and metal workers. They introduced the iron plough and hill forts. They worshipped natural elements and they believed in immortality and in the transmigration of the soul.

Roman invasion

55 BC

It was leaded by Julius Caesar.

Emperor Claudius conquered Britain

43 BC

The Romans were attracted by the rich agriculture and tin and lead.

the construction of Hadrian's Wall

122 AC

Emperor Hadrian ordered the construction of a wall to mark the border between the conquered Britons and the unconquered Scots and Picts. It was one of the greatest engineering projects of the ancient world.

end of Roman control

409 AC

Roman soldiers were withdrawn to defend Rome against the Barbarian raiders.

the Anglo- Saxons arrived

450 AC

They were Jutes, Angles and Saxons. Their society was founded on loyalty to the family or clan. They were farmers.

Christianity is back in Britain

597 AC

Pope Gregory I the Great sent the monk Augustine in Britain. He became the first Archbishop of Canterbury, wich is still the most important church in England.

The Ecclesiastical History of the English People

685 AC

A new monastery was founded on the River Tyne where the scholar Venerable Bede wrote the book. He used the word "Angle-land" for the first time becoming "the father of English history".

the Vikings invaded Britain

793 AC

They established Danelaw, a code of Danish laws.

Battle of Edington

878 AC

Alfred, the king of Wessex, defeated the Danish commander Guthrum; he reorganised the army and he built fortresses. He established his capital at Winchester.

the coronation of William

1066 AC

William was crowned William I in Westminster Abbey, in London on Christmas Day.

Battle of Hastings

1066 AC

Harold, the last king of Wessex, defeated the Daned but then he had to march suoth to fight the Duke of Normandy. Harold was killed and the Anglo-Saxons were conquered by the Normans.

the Domesday Book

1086 AC

It demostrated William's power but it was also used for collecting the property tax. It listed the different types of land and their use, the number of productive people and their status and animals. It showed England as a rich and developed agricultural country.