Congo is given to Leopold as his private venture at the Conference of Berlin.
Roger Casement Investigation
After rumors of torture and killings of natives by colonial companies, the British Consul is sent to the Jungle to investigate and he finds the rumors are true.
Belgian Rule of Congo
1908 - 1960
Prime Minister Lumumba Arrested and Murdered
1960 - 1961
Congo Granted Independance
Patrice Lumumba is prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu is president.
UN Troops Come to the Congo
Congolese army rebels and Katanga state declares itself independent
Government Overthrown by Joseph Mobutu
Mobutu Renames Congo Zaire
Tutsi Rebels Capture Eastern Zaire
Tutsi and anti-Mobutu rebels capture capital of Zaire, and install Laurent-Desire Kabila as president, renaming the country Democratic Republic of Congo.
Rebellion Against Kabila
Rwandan and Ugandan rebels advance towards capital and take much of eastern DRC. Troops from Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe side with Kabila.
Lusaka Peace Accord Signed
Creates ceasefire between six warring countries
UN Troops sent to monitor ceasefire
Fighting continues between rebels from Uganda and Rwanda and government forces.
President Kabila Killed
Shot by a bodyguard, succeeded by his son Joseph Kabila
Peace Agreements Between DRC, Uganda, and Rwanda
New Constitution Adopted
Text is agreed upon by former warring groups
Free Election Held
This election is the first in four decades, but there is no clear winner between the incumbent president and the opposing candidate. A run-off election is held in October and Kabila is declared the winner.
Clash Between DRC Army and rebels
Leads to a refugee crisis in Eastern DRC
Mass rapes reported in North Kivu Province
Elected criticized abroad and disputed by many.
Clashes Between DRC and Rawandan Troops
Kabila accused of changing election law to prolong his term