Congo is given to Leopold as his private venture at the Conference of Berlin.
After rumors of torture and killings of natives by colonial companies, the British Consul is sent to the Jungle to investigate and he finds the rumors are true.
Patrice Lumumba is prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu is president.
Congolese army rebels and Katanga state declares itself independent
Tutsi and anti-Mobutu rebels capture capital of Zaire, and install Laurent-Desire Kabila as president, renaming the country Democratic Republic of Congo.
Rwandan and Ugandan rebels advance towards capital and take much of eastern DRC. Troops from Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe side with Kabila.
Creates ceasefire between six warring countries
Fighting continues between rebels from Uganda and Rwanda and government forces.
Shot by a bodyguard, succeeded by his son Joseph Kabila
Text is agreed upon by former warring groups
This election is the first in four decades, but there is no clear winner between the incumbent president and the opposing candidate. A run-off election is held in October and Kabila is declared the winner.
Leads to a refugee crisis in Eastern DRC
Elected criticized abroad and disputed by many.