Post Classical Timeline


Justinian and Eastern Roman (Byzantine Empire)

527 - 565 CE

Muhammad is born

570 CE

Muhammad is born and becomes a merchant

Muhammad Revelations

610 CE

He has his first revelations from Allah

Muhammad returns to Mecca


After going to Medina for safety, he comes back to Mecca victorious

Rule of Caliph Abu Bakr

632 - 634 CE

Founder of Sunni branch of Islam and Muhammad's successor

Ridda Wars

633 CE - 634 CE

Conflict between Abu Bakr’s forces and rebelling Arabian tribes

Arab invasions in Middle East

634 - 750 CE

Spread of Islam in North Africa

First Islamic incursions into India


Franks Defeat Muslims in France

732 CE

At the Battle of Tours near Poitiers, The Battle of Tours followed two decades of Umayyad conquests in Europe which had begun with the invasion of the Visigothic Christian Kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula in 711.

Third Civil War

744 - 750 CE

Abbasid Revolt begins

Charlemagne Empire in Western Europe

800 - 814 CE

After 737, Charles governed the Franks in lieu of a king and declined to call himself king. Charles was succeeded in 741 by his sons Carloman and Pepin the Short, the father of Charlemagne.

Buddhists persecution

840 CE

Vietnam wins independence from China

January 1, 939 C.E. - December 31, 939 C.E.

Buyids come to power


the Abbasid caliphs become figureheads, lose all real power, and the buyids rule through sultans

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Ghana Empire at its height

1000 CE

Turks dominate the Middle East

1037 - 1194 CE

Northern conquest of England

1066 CE

The First Crusade

1096 - 1099

The first Christian crusade took place in Palestine from 1096 to 1099. Muslim political divisions helped the Christian success of the crusades. The Islamic Holy Land was divided into individual Christian kingdoms. However, Muslims resisted most influence from the Christians.

Jerusalem captured

1099 CE

Brings an end to the first crusade.

Spread of the Gothic Style

1150 - 1350 CE

Chinggis Khan

1162 - 1227

Life of Chinggis Khan

Magna Carta

1215 - 1216

Magna Carta of England signed

Empire of Mali

1230 - 1600

Fall of Baghdad to Mongols

1258 CE

Mongols capture Baghdad

1258 CE

The Mongols killed the last Abbasid caliph and then only ruled for a short time.

First English Parliament

1265 CE

Spreading of Islam in South East Asia

1290 - 1300 CE

Pilgrimage of Mansa Musa

1324 CE

Rise of the Aztec Empire

1325 CE

100 years war

1337 - 1453

Between England and France

Bubonic Plague

1347 - 1351

An outburst of deathly illness in Western Europe.

Rise of Incas

1350 CE

Yi Dynasty

1392 - 1910

Swahili cities flourish on the east coast of Africa

1400 CE

Timbuktu, Jenne