Muhammad is born and becomes a merchant
He has his first revelations from Allah
After going to Medina for safety, he comes back to Mecca victorious
Founder of Sunni branch of Islam and Muhammad's successor
Conflict between Abu Bakr’s forces and rebelling Arabian tribes
Spread of Islam in North Africa
At the Battle of Tours near Poitiers, The Battle of Tours followed two decades of Umayyad conquests in Europe which had begun with the invasion of the Visigothic Christian Kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula in 711.
Abbasid Revolt begins
After 737, Charles governed the Franks in lieu of a king and declined to call himself king. Charles was succeeded in 741 by his sons Carloman and Pepin the Short, the father of Charlemagne.
the Abbasid caliphs become figureheads, lose all real power, and the buyids rule through sultans
The first Christian crusade took place in Palestine from 1096 to 1099. Muslim political divisions helped the Christian success of the crusades. The Islamic Holy Land was divided into individual Christian kingdoms. However, Muslims resisted most influence from the Christians.
Brings an end to the first crusade.
Life of Chinggis Khan
Magna Carta of England signed
The Mongols killed the last Abbasid caliph and then only ruled for a short time.
Between England and France
An outburst of deathly illness in Western Europe.