Civil War

Events

Missouri Compromise

1819

Missouri is admitted to the United States as a slave state, Maine becomes a separate free slave, and a line is established at 36 degrees 30 minutes to separate free and slave states.

Compromise of 1850

1850

Band-Aid over a huge problem involving ownership of slaves. This compromise admitted California as a free state, banned slavery in Washington DC, Mexican Cession was established as slave territory (except for California), and passed the fugitive slave act.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This is the first use of popular sovereignty when deciding between a free/slave state. Kansas holds an election and votes to become a slave state.

Dred Scott

1857

This decision creates tension across the country. It states that African Americans aren’t citizens, Scott is still a slave, Congress can NOT ban slavery, and that the Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional.

Harpers Ferry

October 1859

John Brown was arrested and hung publically. His actions leave a lasting example in the United States and shows that our country is completely divided.

Lincoln Elected President 1st Time

1860

This was the final straw for the South. Within six weeks after he was elected, 7 states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America.

Fort Sumter

1861

The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter.

Seven Days Battle

June 25 1862 - July 1 1862

A confederate victory, and Robert E. Lee takes charge of the Southern army. He enlists the help of Jeb Stuart and his Calvary to scout out the Union forces.

Antietam

September 17, 1862

South tries to take the Civil War into the North, however they were defeated.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1st, 1863

This was mainly symbolic, freed slaves in the rebelling territories. It also discourages other countries from getting involved with the South in the Civil War.

Vicksburg

May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863

The Union lays siege on the city of Vicksburg and the South eventually surrenders this city. Vicksburg is the last stronghold on Mississippi and now the North can finally complete their anaconda plan. The south is finally split in half.

Gettysburg

Jul 1, 1863 - Jul 3, 1863

A major Union victory and turning point in the Civil War. After the Battle of Gettysburg, the South consistently starts losing all of their battles.

Lincoln is Re-elected

1864

Lincoln’s vice-president, a Southern Democrat named Andrew Johnson, and Sherman’s March to the Sea insured his presidential win by over 400,000 votes.

Appomattox Court House

April 9, 1865

Confederacy surrenders to the Union. There was great respect for both sides and was a very civilized ending to a brutal war.