SMEI 1A (1945-1958)

Events

World War II Ends

1945

Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan surrenders

Yalta Summit

1945

Europe is divided into spheres of interest
GB-US-Russia

"United States of Europe" speech by Churchill

1946

United Europe without GB
Zurich

European Union of Federalists

1946

Later will create the Federal Constitution for Europe in 1948

"Iron Curtain" speech Churchill

1946

Comment of division of Europe
Missouri US

Greece

1946

Yalta violation by USSR

Truman Doctrine

1947

US to assist Western influence areas with military and financial assistance
Response to Greece and Communist spread

Marshall Plan

1947

"European Recovery Program"
Financial assistance where Britain cannot sustain itself
Policy now for US to all of Western influence Europe

Germany divided into FDR and FRG

1948

West introduces currency
East creates blockade (Berlin Wall)

OEEC

1948

Basis for supranational economic management of Europe
OECD in 1961

Brussels Treaty

1948

Britain-France-Benelux
All for one and one for all if any one of the territories is attacked
EPC Collapes in 1954 GB says Italy and Germany should sign Brussels treaty

The Hague Congress + CoE + ECHR

May 1948

European Union of Federalists lead to Hague congress in 1948
Congress leads to Council of Europe
Council of Europe leads to ECHR

NATO

1949

Coordination of Western defence

Schuman Plan

9 May 1950

Interdependence to prevent war
France is wanting to still have influence on coal for financial reasons
Germany wants national recognition and reintegration
Italy wants the same as Germany but with regional development
Fear of Germany being able to make weapons again

GB- delusion of grandeur
Industry became nationalized by the labor party
Fascism did not exist in Britain so no need for proof
Did not want to be part of Supranationalism

Korean War

June 25, 1950

North Korea war with south
US fear of Spread results in Military intervention

Pleven Plan

09/1950

US stretched thin military wise from Cold war like Korea
Asks for Rearmament of Germany
EDC was military coop with all countries under their flags but Germany under the European Flag
Britain doesn't want to be involved

Europe Political Community

1952

Because of coordination of military
Foreign policies must be similar so they created the EPC
EPC was tied to EDC and since France did not ratify EDC both do not come into implementation

European Coal and Steel Community

1952

ECSC
Supranational
Made the High Authority
Common Market for Steel and Coal

Brussels Treaty Signed Germany and Italy

1955

INTERGOVERNMENTAL
Britain-France-Benelux
All for one and one for all if any one of the territories is attacked
EPC Collapes in 1954 GB says Italy and Germany should sign Brussels treaty

Monet and Euratom

1955

Action Committee for the United States of Europe (leading politicians)
-> lead to Euratom 1957

Euratom

1957

France will be subsidised Nuclear Energy and Agriculture
Wanted subsidy aswell

Failed to develop a trans-national network of interest
Recruitment was hard (ends up 1960s)
Other countries already were specialized
Budget was tight
French government refused to cooperate

European Economic Community

1957

Treaty of Rome

1957

Euratom and EEC signed

European Commission

1958

originated from 1951 High Authority