-Muslims vs. Christians in Southwest Asia
-Gives Christians time to "catch up"
-Europe wants Luxury goods
- Italian Merchants control European Market, Muslims control east market
1299 - 1923
-Followed very strict Islamic code
-formed Military societies led by an Emir
-very military successful
Osman/Othman rules Ottoman Empire
1299 - 1323
-Most famous and successful Emir
-followers were called Ottomans
Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1600
1300 - 1600
End of the dark ages, big time for science and the arts. Time of rebirth
1368 - 1644
Hongwu Rules in Ming Dynasty
1368 - 1398
-commander that drives mongols out of China
-repairs agricultural lands, erases Mongol past, promotes China
- Rice production and fish farming
- return to Confucian beliefs
Yonglo rules Ming Dynasty
1398 - 1424
-moves capital to Beijing, builds forbidden city
-goes on 7 voyages, wants to expand tribute system
Yonglo launches 1st voyage
1st of 7
China with draws from the world
-taxes and Confucian beliefs
1444 - 1446
1462 - 1505
Conquers Moscow area. Liberates Russia from Mongols. Centralizes Russian Government.
Sengoku in Japan
1467 - 1568
warring states period
Columbus Lands in "India"
didn't actually land in India. he called the inhabitants Indians. he wanted gold. Monarchs are happy with him and finance 3 more trips.
1494 - 1530
-inherits kingdom at 11 years old
-Brilliant general who lays foundation for Mughal empire
Cabral claims Brazil
For Portugal. There was no gold but there was sugar.
Sails east coast of South America, realizes it's a new world
America is named after Amerigo
By a german
Treks across Panama, sees the Pacific Ocean
Ponce de Leon
Claims Florida for Spain
1517 - 1648
Start of Protestant Religion.
Cortes lands in Mexico
Spain wants control of Mainland. Conquistadors came for silver and, they were the first settlers in America. he learns of Aztecs and they think he is a god and offer to share their wealth with him.
Tries to sail around the world. He is killed in the Philippines. One ship with 18 men returns, they start with five ships and 250 men.
Force the Spanish out
Suleyman the Lawgiver
1520 - 1566
Spanish conquer the Aztecs
they use Spanish weaponry, help of other Native groups, and disease kills many Natives.
1531 - 1556
Incompetent ruler who lost all territory he inherited
Pizarro marches 200 men into Peru
1532 - 1533
Defeat 30,000 Inca, kidnap the leader.
King Henry VII divorces Catherine of Aragon
Wants to marry Anne Boleyn. Marries her before the divorce is through. This is why he made new religion so he could divorce.
1533 - 1584
Ivan the Terrible. Russia is fighting within itself. At 16 declares himself Czar. Marries Anastasia Romanov.
Anne Boleyn is beheaded
Couldn't give him a son, which he did not like. Accused her of many things so he could execute her.
1536 - 1592
By 1590 controls most of country
1592 has troupes in Korea, he dies, troupes leave Korea
Jane Seymour dies in childbirth, has Edward
Henry's first son, who would become king at a young age
Copernicus publishes his findings
Church does not like this
The good period
1547 - 1560
Ivan IV adds lands, codes of laws, and rules justly.
Peace of Augsburg
1556 - 1605
-recognizes military is his power
-turns enemies into allies by giving them positions in the government
-continues Islamic Tradition of religious freedom
-patron of arts, creates effective tax policy, gave land to members of government
The bad period
1560 - 1584
starts with death of his wife. Creates police force to punish those against his in his eyes. Kills son.
1568 - 1582
- uses muskets for the first time
- not able to unite Japan
115 English settlers arrive. John White leaves and when he returns everyone is gone. Croatoan is carved into fence post.
1600 - 1616
Ming Dynasty was weak
-Went into isolation
1605 - 1627
First permanent English settlement. Virginia company.
Galileo builds telescope
Romanov family has power
1613 - 1917
Peter the Great gains St, Petersburg. Russia needs to westernize increases power, army of 200,000, high taxes, potato, creates newspaper, gives women some rights.
30 Years War
1618 - 1648
1628 - 1658
Galileo brought to trial by church
1644 - 1912
Manchus rules not Chinese
give dynasty a Chinese name
uphold Confucian beliefs
Peace of Westphalia
Ended 30 years war, weakens Hapsburg, France gets stronger.
1658 - 1707
1661 - 1722
reduces government expenses
gave gov't jobs to smart people
Fly Shuttle-doubled work weaver could do in a day
1736 - 1799
china expands to largest size
Wealthy landowners have most of land
made small farms into big farms.
Battle of Plassey
Robert Clive and East India Company rule fro next 100 years.
invents spinning jenny (wheel)
Water Frame- use water power to drive spinning wheels
Battle of Lexington and Concord
Storing weapons at Concord, British find out, when going to to Concord colonists delay them in Lexington and lose, when British arrive there are no weapons.
combines water frame and spinning jenny. made better string
invented power loom
Emigrates to U.S. brought design for spinning machine
Old Regime Dead
National Assembly, Tennis Court Oath.
Rise up against French Oppression
100,000 slaves led by Toussaint L'Ouverture
Louis XVI tries to escape
New Constitution is created
Limited Constitutional Monarchy, creates a legislative branch.
Europe fears Revolution is spreading
Austria and Prussia demand Absolute Monarchy returns to France. France declares war on them.
France a republic, monarchy is gone.
End of Monarchy, end of legislative assembly and creation of new government.
Louis XVI is executed and Battle of Valmy
France wins and Spain, Holland, and England join war.
Called to defend National Convention
Is successful and become national hero
Sent to defend France from Austria
1796 - 1799
Horatio Nelson defeats Napoleon's naval forces. he is able to keep the defeat out of newspapers , people only hear about Rosetta Stone.
Working class saw little improvement in lives
1800 - 1850
quality of life was not great
Agrees to end rebellion
France betrays him gets put into jail.
Napoleon Convinces other countries to sign peace treaty
won bet for hauling ten tons of iron over ten miles of track in steam locomotive.
Jean-Jacques Dessalines wins Independence
Names land "Haiti" means "mountainous land"
Battle of Trafalgar
Horatio Nelson leads British forces to Naval Victory. British navy stays most powerful for the next 100 years. France abandons plans to invade England
Napoleon blockades ports in England to prevent their access to other European Nations.
Troops march into Russia
led by Napoleon
Alexander I and Napoleon are allies
Alexander refuses to stop selling grain to Great Britain
Started one of the first Textile mills in the U.S.
Keeps getting defeated but keeps trying. He is then banished and sent to live on Elba. He then returns with another army and it defeated at Waterloo and is sent to St. Helena where he dies.
Gains independence from Ottoman Empire.
Liverpool to Manchester Railroad Completed
cheap way to transport materials, a lot of new jobs, boosted England agricultural and fishing industries and could transport to distant cities, and made travel easier so people could take jobs in cities
Anti-Christian Emperor rules Vietnam
1845 - 1850
Killed missionaries and France was encouraged to intervene and they did gaining Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.
Mexican American War
1846 - 1848
1853 - 1856
Each generation of Russian Czars launched attack on Ottoman Empire to gain warm weather port. Britain, France, and Ottoman vs. Russia. revealed weakness of Ottoman Empire, Russia gains Balkans. Ottomans lose control of some of their land.
Bismarck uses war to unite Germany
1864 - 1871
Booth Shoots Lincoln
In a Theatre
Germany and Austria-Hungary form alliance
Only 10% of Africa is controlled by Europe
Because of malaria, rivers weren't navigable(steamboats change that)
Italy joins Germany and Austria-Hungary
Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation
1884 - 1885
European officials got together to try and avoid conflict about territory in Africa.
Wilhelm II takes over as Kaiser
Wilhelm II takes over as Kaiser
McKinley Tariff Act
eliminated all tariffs on sugar, this made Hawaiians suffer because they relied so much on their sugar exporting.
Dole takes over Hawaii
U.S. Annexes Hawaii
World War I
1914 - 1918
"The Great War" cause they didn't know there would be a second world war. Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia rest of people fall in.