-Muslims vs. Christians in Southwest Asia
-Gives Christians time to "catch up"
-Europe wants Luxury goods
- Italian Merchants control European Market, Muslims control east market
-Most famous and successful Emir
-followers were called Ottomans
-Followed very strict Islamic code
-formed Military societies led by an Emir
-very military successful
End of the dark ages, big time for science and the arts. Time of rebirth
-commander that drives mongols out of China
-repairs agricultural lands, erases Mongol past, promotes China
- Rice production and fish farming
- return to Confucian beliefs
-moves capital to Beijing, builds forbidden city
-goes on 7 voyages, wants to expand tribute system
-taxes and Confucian beliefs
Conquers Moscow area. Liberates Russia from Mongols. Centralizes Russian Government.
warring states period
didn't actually land in India. he called the inhabitants Indians. he wanted gold. Monarchs are happy with him and finance 3 more trips.
-inherits kingdom at 11 years old
-Brilliant general who lays foundation for Mughal empire
For Portugal. There was no gold but there was sugar.
Sails east coast of South America, realizes it's a new world
By a german
Treks across Panama, sees the Pacific Ocean
Start of Protestant Religion.
Claims Florida for Spain
Tries to sail around the world. He is killed in the Philippines. One ship with 18 men returns, they start with five ships and 250 men.
Spain wants control of Mainland. Conquistadors came for silver and, they were the first settlers in America. he learns of Aztecs and they think he is a god and offer to share their wealth with him.
Force the Spanish out
they use Spanish weaponry, help of other Native groups, and disease kills many Natives.
Incompetent ruler who lost all territory he inherited
Defeat 30,000 Inca, kidnap the leader.
Ivan the Terrible. Russia is fighting within itself. At 16 declares himself Czar. Marries Anastasia Romanov.
Wants to marry Anne Boleyn. Marries her before the divorce is through. This is why he made new religion so he could divorce.
Couldn't give him a son, which he did not like. Accused her of many things so he could execute her.
Henry's first son, who would become king at a young age
Church does not like this
Ivan IV adds lands, codes of laws, and rules justly.
-recognizes military is his power
-turns enemies into allies by giving them positions in the government
-continues Islamic Tradition of religious freedom
-patron of arts, creates effective tax policy, gave land to members of government
starts with death of his wife. Creates police force to punish those against his in his eyes. Kills son.
- uses muskets for the first time
- not able to unite Japan
115 English settlers arrive. John White leaves and when he returns everyone is gone. Croatoan is carved into fence post.
-Went into isolation
First permanent English settlement. Virginia company.
Peter the Great gains St, Petersburg. Russia needs to westernize increases power, army of 200,000, high taxes, potato, creates newspaper, gives women some rights.
Ended 30 years war, weakens Hapsburg, France gets stronger.
Fly Shuttle-doubled work weaver could do in a day
made small farms into big farms.
Robert Clive and East India Company rule fro next 100 years.
invents spinning jenny (wheel)
Water Frame- use water power to drive spinning wheels
Storing weapons at Concord, British find out, when going to to Concord colonists delay them in Lexington and lose, when British arrive there are no weapons.
combines water frame and spinning jenny. made better string
invented power loom
National Assembly, Tennis Court Oath.
Emigrates to U.S. brought design for spinning machine
Limited Constitutional Monarchy, creates a legislative branch.
100,000 slaves led by Toussaint L'Ouverture
End of Monarchy, end of legislative assembly and creation of new government.
France a republic, monarchy is gone.
Austria and Prussia demand Absolute Monarchy returns to France. France declares war on them.
France wins and Spain, Holland, and England join war.
Is successful and become national hero
Horatio Nelson defeats Napoleon's naval forces. he is able to keep the defeat out of newspapers , people only hear about Rosetta Stone.
quality of life was not great
France betrays him gets put into jail.
Names land "Haiti" means "mountainous land"
won bet for hauling ten tons of iron over ten miles of track in steam locomotive.
Horatio Nelson leads British forces to Naval Victory. British navy stays most powerful for the next 100 years. France abandons plans to invade England
Napoleon blockades ports in England to prevent their access to other European Nations.
Alexander refuses to stop selling grain to Great Britain
led by Napoleon
Started one of the first Textile mills in the U.S.
Keeps getting defeated but keeps trying. He is then banished and sent to live on Elba. He then returns with another army and it defeated at Waterloo and is sent to St. Helena where he dies.
cheap way to transport materials, a lot of new jobs, boosted England agricultural and fishing industries and could transport to distant cities, and made travel easier so people could take jobs in cities
Gains independence from Ottoman Empire.
Killed missionaries and France was encouraged to intervene and they did gaining Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.
Each generation of Russian Czars launched attack on Ottoman Empire to gain warm weather port. Britain, France, and Ottoman vs. Russia. revealed weakness of Ottoman Empire, Russia gains Balkans. Ottomans lose control of some of their land.
In a Theatre
Because of malaria, rivers weren't navigable(steamboats change that)
European officials got together to try and avoid conflict about territory in Africa.
eliminated all tariffs on sugar, this made Hawaiians suffer because they relied so much on their sugar exporting.
"The Great War" cause they didn't know there would be a second world war. Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia rest of people fall in.