World History #2

Events

Crusades

1096 - 1270

-Muslims vs. Christians in Southwest Asia
-Gives Christians time to "catch up"
-Europe wants Luxury goods
- Italian Merchants control European Market, Muslims control east market

Osman/Othman rules Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1323

-Most famous and successful Emir
-followers were called Ottomans

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

-Followed very strict Islamic code
-formed Military societies led by an Emir
-very military successful

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

End of the dark ages, big time for science and the arts. Time of rebirth

Enlightenment

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1600

Renaissance- soul
Reformation- religion
Enlightenment- thought

Hongwu Rules in Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1398

-commander that drives mongols out of China
-Reforms
-repairs agricultural lands, erases Mongol past, promotes China
- Rice production and fish farming
- return to Confucian beliefs

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Yonglo rules Ming Dynasty

1398 - 1424

-moves capital to Beijing, builds forbidden city
-goes on 7 voyages, wants to expand tribute system

Yonglo launches 1st voyage

1405
  • 1st of 7

China with draws from the world

1433

-Doesn't industrialize
-taxes and Confucian beliefs

Mehmed II

1444 - 1446

Ivan III

1462 - 1505

Conquers Moscow area. Liberates Russia from Mongols. Centralizes Russian Government.

Sengoku in Japan

1467 - 1568

warring states period

Columbus Lands in "India"

1492

didn't actually land in India. he called the inhabitants Indians. he wanted gold. Monarchs are happy with him and finance 3 more trips.

Babur

1494 - 1530

-inherits kingdom at 11 years old
-Brilliant general who lays foundation for Mughal empire
-conquers India

Cabral claims Brazil

1500

For Portugal. There was no gold but there was sugar.

Amerigo Vespucci

1501

Sails east coast of South America, realizes it's a new world

America is named after Amerigo

1507

By a german

Balboa

1513

Treks across Panama, sees the Pacific Ocean

Reformation

1517 - 1648

Start of Protestant Religion.

Ponce de Leon

1517

Claims Florida for Spain

Magellan

1519

Tries to sail around the world. He is killed in the Philippines. One ship with 18 men returns, they start with five ships and 250 men.

Cortes lands in Mexico

1519

Spain wants control of Mainland. Conquistadors came for silver and, they were the first settlers in America. he learns of Aztecs and they think he is a god and offer to share their wealth with him.

Suleyman the Lawgiver

1520 - 1566

Aztecs rebel

1520

Force the Spanish out

Spanish conquer the Aztecs

1521

they use Spanish weaponry, help of other Native groups, and disease kills many Natives.

Humayun

1531 - 1556

Incompetent ruler who lost all territory he inherited

Pizarro marches 200 men into Peru

1532 - 1533

Defeat 30,000 Inca, kidnap the leader.

Ivan IV

1533 - 1584

Ivan the Terrible. Russia is fighting within itself. At 16 declares himself Czar. Marries Anastasia Romanov.

King Henry VII divorces Catherine of Aragon

1533

Wants to marry Anne Boleyn. Marries her before the divorce is through. This is why he made new religion so he could divorce.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

1536 - 1592
  • By 1590 controls most of country
  • 1592 has troupes in Korea, he dies, troupes leave Korea

Anne Boleyn is beheaded

1536

Couldn't give him a son, which he did not like. Accused her of many things so he could execute her.

Jane Seymour dies in childbirth, has Edward

1537

Henry's first son, who would become king at a young age

Copernicus publishes his findings

1543

Church does not like this

The good period

1547 - 1560

Ivan IV adds lands, codes of laws, and rules justly.

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Akbar

1556 - 1605

-"Great"
-recognizes military is his power
-turns enemies into allies by giving them positions in the government
-continues Islamic Tradition of religious freedom
-patron of arts, creates effective tax policy, gave land to members of government

The bad period

1560 - 1584

starts with death of his wife. Creates police force to punish those against his in his eyes. Kills son.

Oda Nobunga

1568 - 1582

-Diamyo
- uses muskets for the first time
- not able to unite Japan
-kills himself

Roanoke

1587

115 English settlers arrive. John White leaves and when he returns everyone is gone. Croatoan is carved into fence post.

Ming Dynasty was weak

1600

-Went into isolation

Tokugawa Ieyusa

1600 - 1616

Janhangir

1605 - 1627

Jamestown

1607

First permanent English settlement. Virginia company.

Galileo builds telescope

1609

Romanov family has power

1613 - 1917

Peter the Great gains St, Petersburg. Russia needs to westernize increases power, army of 200,000, high taxes, potato, creates newspaper, gives women some rights.

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

Sha Jahan

1628 - 1658

Galileo brought to trial by church

1633

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912
  • Manchus rules not Chinese give dynasty a Chinese name uphold Confucian beliefs

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Ended 30 years war, weakens Hapsburg, France gets stronger.

Aurangzeb

1658 - 1707

Kangxi

1661 - 1722
  • reduces government expenses
  • lowers taxes
  • gave gov't jobs to smart people

John Kay

1733

Fly Shuttle-doubled work weaver could do in a day

Qian Long

1736 - 1799
  • china expands to largest size
  • foreign trade

Wealthy landowners have most of land

1750

made small farms into big farms.

Battle of Plassey

1757

Robert Clive and East India Company rule fro next 100 years.

James Hargreaves

1764

invents spinning jenny (wheel)

Richard Arkwright

1769

Water Frame- use water power to drive spinning wheels

Battle of Lexington and Concord

1775

Storing weapons at Concord, British find out, when going to to Concord colonists delay them in Lexington and lose, when British arrive there are no weapons.

Samuel Crompton

1779

combines water frame and spinning jenny. made better string

Edmund Cartwright

1787

invented power loom

Old Regime Dead

1789

National Assembly, Tennis Court Oath.

Samuel Slater

1789

Emigrates to U.S. brought design for spinning machine

New Constitution is created

1791

Limited Constitutional Monarchy, creates a legislative branch.

Louis XVI tries to escape

1791

FAILS

Rise up against French Oppression

1791

100,000 slaves led by Toussaint L'Ouverture

Legislative Assembly

1792

End of Monarchy, end of legislative assembly and creation of new government.

National Convention

1792

France a republic, monarchy is gone.

Europe fears Revolution is spreading

1792

Austria and Prussia demand Absolute Monarchy returns to France. France declares war on them.

Louis XVI is executed and Battle of Valmy

1793

France wins and Spain, Holland, and England join war.

Called to defend National Convention

1795

Is successful and become national hero

Sent to defend France from Austria

1796 - 1799

Horatio Nelson defeats Napoleon's naval forces. he is able to keep the defeat out of newspapers , people only hear about Rosetta Stone.

Working class saw little improvement in lives

1800 - 1850

quality of life was not great

Agrees to end rebellion

1801

France betrays him gets put into jail.

Napoleon Convinces other countries to sign peace treaty

1802

Jean-Jacques Dessalines wins Independence

1804

Names land "Haiti" means "mountainous land"

Richard Trevithick

1804

won bet for hauling ten tons of iron over ten miles of track in steam locomotive.

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Horatio Nelson leads British forces to Naval Victory. British navy stays most powerful for the next 100 years. France abandons plans to invade England

Blockade

1806

Napoleon blockades ports in England to prevent their access to other European Nations.

Alexander I and Napoleon are allies

1812

Alexander refuses to stop selling grain to Great Britain

Troops march into Russia

1812

led by Napoleon

Francis Lowell

1813

Started one of the first Textile mills in the U.S.

Napoleon Surrenders

1814

Keeps getting defeated but keeps trying. He is then banished and sent to live on Elba. He then returns with another army and it defeated at Waterloo and is sent to St. Helena where he dies.

Liverpool to Manchester Railroad Completed

1830

cheap way to transport materials, a lot of new jobs, boosted England agricultural and fishing industries and could transport to distant cities, and made travel easier so people could take jobs in cities

Greece

1830

Gains independence from Ottoman Empire.

Serbia

1833

gains self-rule

Anti-Christian Emperor rules Vietnam

1845 - 1850

Killed missionaries and France was encouraged to intervene and they did gaining Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

Mexican American War

1846 - 1848

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Each generation of Russian Czars launched attack on Ottoman Empire to gain warm weather port. Britain, France, and Ottoman vs. Russia. revealed weakness of Ottoman Empire, Russia gains Balkans. Ottomans lose control of some of their land.

Bismarck uses war to unite Germany

1864 - 1871

Booth Shoots Lincoln

1865

In a Theatre

Germany and Austria-Hungary form alliance

1879

Only 10% of Africa is controlled by Europe

1880

Because of malaria, rivers weren't navigable(steamboats change that)

Italy joins Germany and Austria-Hungary

1881

Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation

1883

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

European officials got together to try and avoid conflict about territory in Africa.

Wilhelm II takes over as Kaiser

1888

Wilhelm II takes over as Kaiser

1888

McKinley Tariff Act

1890

eliminated all tariffs on sugar, this made Hawaiians suffer because they relied so much on their sugar exporting.

Dole takes over Hawaii

1894

U.S. Annexes Hawaii

1898

aquires

World War I

1914 - 1918

"The Great War" cause they didn't know there would be a second world war. Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia rest of people fall in.