Seminar Philosophers, Semester 1

Events

Lao Tzu

604 bc - 531 bc

-THOUGHTS FROM THE TAO-TE-CHING

Plato

428 BC - 348 BC

-THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE

Aristotle

385 BC - 323 BC

Marcus Tullius Cicero

106 BCE - 43 BCE

-THE DEFENSE OF INJUSTICE
-dialogue

Marcus Aurelius

April 26, 121 - March 17, 180

-excerpt from MEDITATIONS, Stoicism and Self-Discipline

Augustine of Hippo

354 AD - 430 AD

-MEMORY AND THE HAPPY LIFE

St. Anselm

1033 - April 21, 1109

-PROSLOGIUM
-11th French monk
-God as necessary being- begging the question
-God = best thing we can imagine and since reality>imagination, God must exist in reality

Rumi

September 30, 1207 - December 17, 1273

-SELECTED POEMS

Thomas Aquinas

1225 - March 7, 1274

-SUMMA THEOLOGICA
-God's existence must be proven through reason based on experiment

Niccolò Machiavelli

May 3, 1469 - June 21, 1527

-THE QUALITIES OF THE PRINCE
-people inherently bad
-vice > virtue

John of the Cross

June 24, 1542 - December 14, 1591

-THE DARK NIGHT OF THE SOUL

René Descartes

1596 - 1650

-DISCOURSE FOUR
-we want our lives to mean something
-recycled Anselm and Aquinas

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jun 28, 1712 - Jul 2, 1778

-THE ORIGINS OF A CIVIL SOCIETY
-social contract

Adam Smith

June 16, 1723 - July 17, 1790

-Of the Natural Progress of Opulence
-homo economics
-"free"? what does this mean
-self-interest allows us to thrive

Immanuel Kant

April 22, 1724 - February 12, 1804

-GOD AS POSTULATE OF PRACTICAL REASON

Thomas Jefferson

April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826

-DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

Ralph Waldo Emerson

May 25, 1803 - April 27, 1882

-SELF-RELIANCE

Søren Kierkegaard

May 5, 1813 - November 11, 1855

-FEAR AND TREMBLING
-father of existentialism
-when you embrace a life of faith, you are fundamentally free --> despair and dread
-"how is an individual to find an authentic existence in an absurd world?"

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

November 12, 1815 - October 26, 1902

-DECLARATION OF SENTIMENTS AND RESOLUTIONS

Henry David Thoreau

July 12, 1817 - May 6, 1862

-CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE

Frederick Douglass

1818 - February 20, 1895

-NARRATIVE OF THE LIFE OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS

Karl Marx

May 5, 1818 - March 14, 1883

-THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
-Dialectic Materialism (feudalism --> capitalism --> communism)
-thinks proletariat turn inevitable
-commodity fetishism
-consciousness from material conditions
-polemical/argumentative text

Andrew Carnegie

November 25, 1835 - August 11, 1919

-THE GOSPEL OF WEALTH
-law of competition

Friedrich Nietzsche

October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900

-THE ANTI-CHRIST
-own up to envy, don't be a christian, never drink alcohol, God is dead
-"ubermensch"- herd and will to power
-said enlightenment kills concept of "God is..."

Bertrand Russell

May 18, 1872 - February 2, 1970

-WHY I AM NOT A CHRISTIAN

Carl Becker

September 7, 1873 - April 10, 1945

-IDEAL DEMOCRACY
-can make democracy anything in one's mind

José Ortega y Gasset

May 9, 1883 - October 18, 1955

-THE GREATEST DANGER, THE STATE
-rationality --> enlightenment --> free
-society should be agent of change

C.S. Lewis

November 29, 1898 - November 22, 1963

-MERE CHRISTIANITY

Hannah Arendt

Oct 14, 1906 - Dec 4, 1975

-TOTAL DOMINATION
-benality of evil- evil can be very routine
-Nazi rise to power, concentration camps

John Kenneth Galbraith

October 15, 1908 - April 29, 2006

-THE POSITION OF POVERTY
-case poverty / insular poverty

Simone Weil

February 3, 1909 - August 24, 1943

-SPIRITUAL AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Mother Teresa

August 26, 1910 - September 5, 1997

-COME BE MY LIGHT

Conor Cruise O'Brien

November 3, 1917 - December 18, 2008

-THOMAS JEFFERSON: RADICAL AND RACIST
-says Jefferson beyond redemption

John Rawls

February 21, 1921 - November 24, 2002

-A THEORY OF JUSTICE
-original position, veil of ignorance

Jean Vanier

September 10, 1928 - Present

-BECOMING HUMAN
-metaphorical heart

Martin Luther King Jr.

January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968

-LETTER FROM BIRMINGHAM JAIL

Dalai Lama

July 6, 1935 - Present

-THE ART OF HAPPINESS (interview by Cutler)

Douglas L. Wilson

November 10, 1935 - Present

-THOMAS JEFFERSON AND THE CHARACTER ISSUE
-presentism

Robert B. Reich

June 24, 1946 - Present

-WHY THE RICH ARE GETTING RICHER

1971 World Synod of Bishops

1971