Ragtime seems to be the inspiration behind the first jazz artists in the early 1900s
Important Musicians: Louis Armstrong
Modified to 12 bar form
1920: Prohibition of Alcohol led to "rent parties" and new wave of jazz music
The jazz genre began to expand outside of New Orleans as artist moved to Chicago and New York
Amidst the Great Depression and huge percentages of unemployment, dance halls continued to prosper and swing music was born
Musical description: Fast and loud; intense.
Tenor saxophone becomes affiliated with jazz
Jazz began to become accepted as it became more mainstream
Smaller number of group members and more emphasis on improvisation.
Smaller ensembles were due to big bands being disassembled during WW2
Eventually led to Funk
No fixed structure
Combination of Jazz improvisation techniques with other musical genres