Jazz History

Events

Ragtime

Approx. 1890 - Approx. 1917

Ragtime seems to be the inspiration behind the first jazz artists in the early 1900s

New Orleans Style

Approx. 1900 - Approx. 1920

Important Musicians: Louis Armstrong

Blues

Approx. 1910 - Approx. 1920

Modified to 12 bar form

Chicago becomes capitol of jazz

Approx. 1920 - Approx. 1930

Early Jazz

Approx. 1920 - Approx. 1930

1920: Prohibition of Alcohol led to "rent parties" and new wave of jazz music

The jazz genre began to expand outside of New Orleans as artist moved to Chicago and New York

Swing Music

Approx. 1930 - Approx. 1940

Amidst the Great Depression and huge percentages of unemployment, dance halls continued to prosper and swing music was born

Musical description: Fast and loud; intense.
Tenor saxophone becomes affiliated with jazz

Racial Tolerance

1934

Jazz began to become accepted as it became more mainstream

Bebop

Approx. 1940 - 1955

Smaller number of group members and more emphasis on improvisation.

Smaller ensembles were due to big bands being disassembled during WW2

Hard Bop

1950 - 1960

Eventually led to Funk

Cool-Jazz

Approx. 1950 - Approx. 1960

Free Jazz

Approx. 1950 - Approx. Present

No fixed structure

Afro-Cuban Jazz

Approx. 1950 - Approx. 1960

Jazz Fusion

Approx. 1960 - Approx. Present

Combination of Jazz improvisation techniques with other musical genres