Thought by many to be the beginning of the Middle Ages.
Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV walks to Canossa where he stands barefoot in the snow to beg forgiveness of the Pope for his offences.
Promised the protection of church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice, and limitations on feudal payments to the Crown, to be implemented through a council of 25 barons
This breaks up the northern Rus area into Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus
Becomes longest lasting Islamic Empire, lasting over 600 years into the 20th century.