Baroque composers and historical events

Events

Jacopo Peri

20 August 1561 - 12 August 1633

Was an Italian composer and singer of the transitional period between the Renaissance and Baroque styles.

Claudio Monteverdi

15 May 1567 - 29 November 1643

Was an Italian composer. Monteverdi is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history.

Michael Praetorius

15 February 1571 - 15 February 1621

Was a German composer, organist, and music theorist.He was one of the most versatile composers of his age, being particularly significant in the development of musical forms based on Protestant hymns, many of which reflect an effort to improve the relationship between Protestants and Catholics.

1575 Lepanto's Battle

Approx. 1575

Siena, Colonna was made commander of the Spanish cavalry. At the Battle of Lepanto

Gregorio Allegri

Approx. 1582 - 7 February 1652

Was an Italian composer of the Roman School and brother of Domenico Allegri; he was also a priest and a singer. He was born and died in Rome.

Girolamo Frescobaldi

Approx. September 1583 - 1 March 1643

Is an Italian compositor

Francisco Correa de Araujo

Approx. 1584 - Approx. 1654

Correa's writings make reference to two other publications (a Libro de versos and a book on music theory), that were not published yet by that time; however, all his surviving works are contained in a single publication entitled Libro de tientos y discursos de música practica, y theorica de organo intitulado Facultad organica, published in 1626.

1603 Shakespeare - Hamlet

Approx. 1603

1605 Cervantes – D. Quijote

Approx. 1605

Is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Published in two volumes, in 1605 and 1615.

1635 Calderón de la Barca – La vida es sueño

1635

Pedro Calderón de la Barca y Barreda González de Henao Ruiz de Blasco y Riaño, usually referred as Pedro Calderón de la Barca.

Gaspar Sanz

4 April 1640 - Approx. 1710

Was an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the comarca of Bajo Aragón, Spain. He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed Professor of Music.

Juan Cabanilles

6 September 1644 - 29 April 1712

He probably began his musical career as a singer in a choir of a local church. Later he studied to become a priest in the cathedral at Valencia, which included lessons in music. On 15 May 1665, at 20 years of age, he was named the assistant organist of the cathedral. A year later, upon the death of his predecessor, he became the principal organist. On 22 September 1668 he was ordained as a priest. He kept his position as principal organist for 45 years, but from 1703 on his health often necessitated that a substitute be found.

Arcangelo Corelli

17 February 1653 - 8 January 1713

Was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era. His music was key in the development.

1656 Velázquez - Las Meninas

1656

This article is about the Diego Velázquez painting. For the Ihor Podolchak film, see Las Meninas .

Marin Marais

31 May 1656 - 15 August 1728

Was a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for six months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles.

Henry Purcell

10 September 1659 - 21 November 1695

Was an English composer. Although incorporating Italian and French stylistic elements into his compositions, Purcell's legacy was a uniquely English form of Baroque music. He is generally considered to be one of the greatest English composers; no other native-born English composer approached his fame until Edward Elgar, Ralph Vaughan Williams, and Benjamin Britten in the 20th century.

François Couperin

10 November 1668 - 11 September 1733

Was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist.

Antonio Vivaldi

4 March 1678 - 28 July 1741

Was an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He composed many instrumental concertos, for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas.

Georg Philip Telemann

24 March 1681 - 25 June 1767

Was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist

Georg Friedrich Händel

23 February 1685 - 14 April 1759

Was a German–English Baroque composer who is famous for his operas, oratorios and concerti grossi. Handel's compositions include 42 operas; 29 oratorios; more than 120 cantatas, trios and duets; numerous arias; chamber music; a large number of ecumenical pieces; odes and serenatas; and 16 organ concerti. His oratorio Messiah, with its "Hallelujah" chorus, is among the most famous Baroque works and is a popular choice for performances during the Christmas season.

Johan Sabastian Bach

21 march 1685 - 31 march 1685

Johann Sebastian Bach had a prestigious musical lineage and took on various organist positions during the early 18th century, creating famous compositions like "Toccata and Fugue in D minor."

Domenico Scarlatti

26 October 1685 - 23 July 1757

Was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families. He is classified primarily as a Baroque composer chronologically, although his music was influential in the development of the Classical style and he was one of the few Baroque composers to transition into the classical period.

Padre Soler

3 December 1729 - 20 December 1783

Was a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. He is best known for his keyboard sonatas, an important contribution to the harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire.