Africa

Events

Kush is Established

1070 BCE - 350 CE

Kush takes over Egypt

760 BCE - 656 BCE

Aksum out-trades Kush

200 CE - 400 CE

glass, brass, copper, iron, gold, frankincense, myrrh

Christian scholars arrive in Aksum from Greece

300 CE

Ghana established

300 CE - 1200 CE

King Ezana's Reign

320 CE - 350 CE

Camels introduced in Ghana

400 - 500

Christian texts translated to Ge'ez (Aksumite)

400 CE - 600 CE

Aksum expands but is then defeated by Persians

500 CE - 600 CE

Muslim empires extend into North Africa

600 - 800

Night of Power and Excellence

610

The Hijra

622

Muhammad beats Meccans in battle at Medina

Ghana has conflict over trade w/ Berbers + Arabs

700 - 900

Ghana takes over Awdaghust

Approx. 1000

Almoravids conquer Awdaghust

Approx. 1090

adds to decline of Ghana

Sahel worn out

1200

Timbuktu is Cultural center

1200 - 1600

Sundjata Keita conquers + rules

1230 - 1255

Mali is established

1230 - 1610

height in 1300's

Mali conquers Ghana's capital

1240

Mansa Musa's reign

1280 - 1337

Civil war divides Mali

1359

Songhai is established

1464 - 1591

Askia Dynasty rules Songhai

1492 - 1592

Moroccans w/ muskets take over Songhai

1591