Week Twenty-Four Lesson One - Practice

Inventions of Industrial Revolution

Charles Townshend - Agricultural Revolution


The development of more efficient agricultural technologies during the Agricultural revolution allowed countries, specifically Britian, to have the food necessary to feed a growing working population whch would eventually become the labor force in the Industrial Revolution

Richard Arkwright - Spinning Frame


James Hargraves - Spinning Jenny


James Watt - Steam Engine


This invention is important because it becomes the basis for many modes of transportation during this time period. Trains, steamboats, and others all relied on the steam engine for their power which allowed them to carry large loads of goods across large expanses of distance.

Eli Whitney - Cotton Gin


This invention allowed for the faster processing of cotton, This revolutionized both the economy and the institution of slavery in the American South and allowed the latter to grow by gargantuan amounts and last until the mid-1860's.

Alessandro Volta - Electric Battery


Joseph Marie Jacquard - Programmable Loom


This invention proved influential in not just the textile industry, but would eventually prove to be the first "computer". The system of cards with specific holes punched in them were the ancestors to today's circuit boards as the told the loom exactly what to do as computer circuit boards do for computers today.

Robert Fulton - Steamboat


W. A. Burt - Typewrriter


George Stephenson - Railway System


Louis Daguerre - Daguerreotype Photography


Samuel Morse - Morse Code


This invention brought the world closer together. Now information could be diffused from city to city and across the city in a matter of minutes instead of the weeks it used to take by mail. This marks the beginning of modern communications technology.

Henry Bessemer - Steel Making Process


The Bessemer steel making process revolutionized the way steel was produced. It allowed for larger quantities of steel to be manufactured at a much cheaper rate. This paved the way for the creation and expansion of large metropolises like New York City in the coming century.

Cyrus Field - Trans-Atlantic Cable


Louis Pastuer - Vaccinations


The vaccinations provided a cheap and effective means to fight disease. The death and infection rates of many diseases plummeted because of the vaccine and in some cases the disease was outright eradicated because of the vaccine.

Gottlieb Daimler - Internal Combustion Engine


Similar to the steam engine before it, the internal combustion engine allowed for the creation of automated transportation machines, However, this time, the invention would lead to a more individualized mode of transportation, the car. The automobile would eventually lead to a different pattern of working with the beginnings of the commute beginning in the 1940's.

Alexander Graham Bell - Telephone


Like the telegraph/morse code before, the telephone also allowed for the world to be brought closer together. Now people across the country could talk to each other in real time. This allowed for the even more rapid spread of ideas as instant communication increasingly became the norm in society.

Thomas Edison -Lightbulb


With the advent of the light bulb, the night time hours became accessible to man. Before, people were limited to candle light and weren't able to get much done in the evenings because of the limits of a candle. But with the light bulb, the light could be used for longer lengths of time, allowing work to take place at night as well as in the day,

Guglielmo Marconi - Radio


Wright Brothers - Airplane


Diffusion of Industrial Revolution

First US Textile Mill


Industrialization begins in UK

1840 - 1849

Industrialization spreads to Northern France/Germany

1850 - 1859

Industrialization spreads through Germany and Southern France

1860 - 1869

Industrialization spreads to Poland

1870 - 1879

Industrial Revolution spreads to the rest of Eastern Europe, Italy, and the Nordic Countries

1880 - 1889