Baroque composers

Events

Jacopo Peri

20 August 1561 - 12 August 1633

Was an Italian composer and singer from the period of transition between the Renaissance and the Baroque, and is considered the inventor of the opera. Composed the first opera that is conserved: Eurídice (1600).

Claudio Monteverdi

Approx. 15 May 1567 - Approx. 29 November 1643

It marked the transition between the polyphonic and madrigalist tradition of the sixteenth century and the birth of opera and lyrical drama in the seventeenth century. He is the most important figure in the transition between the music of the Renaissance and the Baroque.

Michael Praetorius

15 February 1571 - 15 February 1621

Was a German composer and organist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his time and influenced the development of forms based on Protestant hymns.

Lepanto's Battle

1575

Gregorio Allegri

1582 - 17 February 1652

Son of the Coachman Costantino and elder brother of the composer Domenico Allegri, he began musically as a soprano child in Rome, in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi under the mast di capella Giovanni Bernardino Nanino from 1591 to 1596, in which his voice changed.

Girolamo Frescobaldi

13 September 1583 - 1 March 1643

He studied under the orders of the organist and famous madrigalist Luzzasco Luzzaschi in Ferrara. Another of its early influences was that of Carlo Gesualdo, also present at the time in the same city.

Francisco Correa de Araujo

Approx. 17 September 1584 - 18 November 1654

Was one of the most important Andalusian composers and organists of the period of transition between the Renaissance and the Baroque.

Shakespeare - Hamlet

1603

Cervantes – D. Quijote

1605

Baptiste Lully

28 November 1632 - 22 March 1687

Was a composer, instrumentalist and French dancer of Italian origin, creator of the French opera that consisted of a complex staging that incorporated opera with French aesthetic, in addition to ballet and deep literary texts that he baptized like "Musical tragedies".

Calderón de la Barca – La vida es sueño

1635

Gaspar Sanz

4 April 1640 - 1710

better known as Gaspar Sanz, was an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the comarca of Bajo Aragón, Spain. He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed Professor of Music. He wrote three volumes of pedagogical works for the baroque guitar that form an important part of today's classical guitar repertory and have informed modern scholars in the techniques of baroque guitar playing.

Antoine Charpentier

1643 - 24 February 1704

He was a non-profit and versatile composer, producing music of the highest quality in different genres. The mastery of his composition in vocal religious music was recognized by his contemporaries.

Juan Cabanilles

6 September 1644 - 29 April 1712

Cabanilles was trained in the school of his hometown with Onofre Guinovant, organist of the parish of San Jaime de Algemesí, a man of great pedagogical skills as he also seems to have formed another great Valencian musician: Vicente Rodríguez Monllor. Although Cabanilles is believed to have performed religious studies in the Cathedral of Valencia, his name does not appear in any document until his appointment as organist second to help Andres Peris, "the blind man of Valencia", replacing the rugged Jerónimo de la Torre .

Arcangelo Corelli

17 of February of 1653 - 8 of January of 1713

Was a violinist and composer of the Italian Baroque period.

Velázquez - Las Meninas

1656

Marin Marais

31 May 1656 - 15 August 1728

Was a violagambista and French composer, disciple of Jean-Baptiste Lully and of Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe. In 1676 he was hired as a musician at the court of Louis XIV of France. He excelled in that post, and in 1679 he was appointed ordinaire de la chambre du roi pour la viole, a title he kept until 1725.

Henry Purcell

10 September 1659 - 21 November 1695

Was a British composer of the Baroque. Considered one of the best English composers of all time, 2 incorporated French and Italian stylistic elements into his music, generating an English style of Baroque music.

François Couperin

10 November 1668 - 11 September 1733

He is one of the most important composers, along with Jean-Philippe Rameau, of French baroque music in general and music for particular key. He is called Couperin le Grand (Couperin the Great) to distinguish him from other members of his family, also musicians. He is the most outstanding of them all, for his immense virtuosity to the organ and the key.

Antonio Vivaldi

4 March 1678 - 28 July 1741

Was a Venetian composer, violinist, impresario, teacher and Venetian baroque priest. He was nicknamed Il prete rosso ("The Red Priest") for being a priest and a redhead. It is one of the most relevant figures in the history of music. His mastery is reflected in having cemented the genre of the concert, the most important of his time.

Philipp Telemann

14 March 1681 - 25 June 1767

Was a German Baroque composer, although his work also had characteristics of principles of classicism. He is considered the most prolific composer in the history of music.

Jean Philippe Rameau

25 September 1683 - 12 September 1764

Was a composer, harpsichrist and French musical theorist, very influential in the Baroque period. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of the French opera and was severely attacked by those who preferred the style of his predecessor. He died in 1764, barely a month before another great French musician, Jean-Marie Leclair, was killed.

Friedrich Händel

Approx. 5 March 1685 - 14 April 1759

Was a German composer, later nationalized English, considered one of the leading figures of Baroque music and one of the most influential composers of Western and universal music.1 In the history of music, he is the first modern composer2 to have adapted And focused his music to satisfy the tastes and needs of the public, 2 instead of those of the nobility and patrons, as was usual

Johan Sabastian Bach

31 March 1685 - 28 July 1750

He was the most important member of one of the most outstanding musical families in history, with more than 35 famous composers. He had a great reputation as organist and harpsichordist throughout Europe for his great technique and ability to improvise music to the keyboard. Besides the organ and the harpsichord, he played the violin and the viola da gamba.

Domenico Scarlatti

26 October 1685 - 23 July 1757

Was an Italian composer of the baroque period settled in Spain, where he composed almost all his sonatas for harpsichord, for which he is universally recognized. His style evolved into the preclassic.

Padre Soler

3 December 1729 - 20 December 1783

Was a composer and Spanish harpsichordist, representative of the Spanish school of music for keyboard of the XVIII century, and follower of the musical current introduced in Spain by the Italian Domenico Scarlatti