Jean-Philippe Rameau (Dijon, on September 25, 1683 - Paris, on September 12, 1764) was a composer, clavecinista and theoretical musical Frenchman, very influential in the baroque epoch. It replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of the French opera and was duramente attacked by those who preferred the style of his predecessor. It expired in 1764, you upset one month before another great French musician, Jean-Marie Leclair, was dying asesinado.1 Rameau's lyric work - to whom it began to devote almost at the age of 50 and who consists of 31 works - it constitutes a most of his musical contribution and marks the height of the French Clasicismo in an epoch in which these cánones objected strongly to those of the Italian music, up to entered good the 18th century. His more known work is The opera - ballet They gallant Indes (1735), though his they are some of the masterpieces of the lyric French theatre, as the tragedies Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), Beaver et Pollux (1737), Dardanus (1739 and 1744) and Zoroastre (1749); the operas - ballets, They Fêtes d'Hébé (1739) and The Princesse de Navarre (1745); or the comedy Platée (1745). His lyric works remained forgotten for almost two centuries, but from middle of the 20th century they benefit from the general movement of rediscovery of the ancient music.
His works for clavecín, nevertheless, have been always present in the digest - him Tambourin, L'Entretien des Card games, Him Abseiling des Oiseaux, The Poule - and they were interpreted (to the piano) in the 19th century, of equal way that the works of Bach, Couperin or Scarlatti. Rameau is generally considered to be the most important French musician previous to the 19th century and the first theoretical one of classic harmony: his agreements, in spite of some blemishes, were until beginning of the 20th century works of reference