Jacopo Peri (August 20 of August 1561-12, 1633) was a composer and singer Italiano of the transitional period between the Renaissance and the Baroque, and he is considered to be the inventor of the opera. It composed the first opera that remains: Eurydice (1600) .Nació probably in Rome and it was nicknamed " Zazzerino " (the long-haired one) by his blond hair. He travelled to Florence being a child, where he studied with Cristofano Malvezzi, and it went to be employed at several churches of there, so much as organist as singer. In 1588 it began to be employed at the Court of the Médicis, first as tenor, at 1591 as organist and sopranista under the Great Duke Fernando I de Médici and then under Médici's Cosme II as " top-line manager of music and of the musicians ". His first works were works of incidental music for The theatre and madrigals
Claudio Giovanni Monteverdi (Cremona, baptized on May 15, 1567 - Venice, on November 29, 1643) was a composer, gambista and Italian singer. It marked the transition between the polyphonic tradition and madrigalista of the 16th century and the birth of the lyric drama and of the opera in the 17th century. It is the most important figure in the transition between the music of the Renaissance and of the Baroque
Michael Praetorius (Creuzburg, Thuringia, on February 15, 1571 - Wolfenbüttel, on February 15, 1621) was a composer and German organist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his epoch and influenced the development of forms based on Protestant anthems. Michael Praetorius was born in Creuzburg (near Eisenach, Thuringia) in the bosom of a strict Lutheran family, which determined the whole course of his musical career. His father had been a pupil of Martin Luther and had attended him in the confection of the Lutheran original Hymn book. He studied in Torgau, Fráncfort of the Oder and then in Zerbst (Anhalt).
Gregorio Allegri (Rome, circa on February 1582-ibídem, 17, 1652) was a priest, singer and Italian composer. Son of the coachman Costantino and major brother of the composer Domenico Allegri, began musically as child sGoprano in Rome, in San Luigi's church dei Francesi under ' mastro gave capella ' Giovanni Bernardino Nanino of 1591 until 1596, in which his voice changed. His surname 'Allegri' brings his origin of the name of the grandfather, Allegro. Gregorio studied music with Giovanni Maria Nanino, who was brother of Bernardino and friend of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, between 1600 and 1607. For several years he sang in diverse cathedrals, specially in Fermo between 1607 and 1621, and also in Vallicella and Tivoli. In 1628 it came back to Rome to produce the entrance tests to the Choir of the ChapelPapal, which it deposited on December 6, 1629, remaining in him up to his death. The post provided prestige and economic safety to him.
Girolamo Frescobaldi (It Was Covering, on September 13, 1583 - Rome, on March 1, 1643), Italian musician of the baroque period. It was born in It Was Covering, Italy. He studied to the orders of the organist and famous madrigalista Luzzasco Luzzaschi in Was Covering. Other one of his early influences was that of Carlo Gesualdo, also present in that epoch in the same city. His protector, the cardinal Guido Bentivoglio, helped him to obtain an organist's square in the basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere in Rome in the spring of 1607. With him he travelled to the Netherlands before turning into organist of San's Pedro Basilica of Rome into 1608, square that occupied up to his death. From 1628 to 1634 he was an organist in the court of the Médicis in Florence. He wrote a great number of works for organ and clavicémbalo
Francisco Correa de Araujo (Seville, on baptized September 17, 1584 - Segovia, dies between October 6 and November 18, 1654) was one of the composers and more important Andalusian organists of the epoch of transition between the Renaissance and the Baroque.Francisco Correa de Arauxo was born in Seville, being baptized on September 17, 1584. It dealed his ecclesiastic career in Maese Rodrigo's Sevillian college, being ordained priest in 1608. By then already it was [organist of the collegiate church of San Salvador of Seville. The place is uncertain where it dealed his musical studies though probably it was in the own Cathedral of Seville with the teacher Francisco Guerrero
Jean-Baptiste Lully (Florence, Italy, on November 28 of 1632 - on March Paris, 22, 1687) was a composer, instrumentalist and French dancer of Italian origin, creator of the French opera who was consisting of a complex putting of scene that was incorporating opera into French aesthetics, besides ballet and deep literary texts to those that it baptized as " Musical tragedies " .Nacido in Florence, Italy, his name, before Frenchman was naturalized, he was Giovanni Battista Lulli. His parents were Lorenzo Lulli and Caterina. In 1638 there dies his major brother Vergini; in October, 1639 his sister Margherita. With seven years Jean-Baptiste it stays as the only son of his parents. Jean-Baptiste received his education with a Franciscan monk who gave to him the first lessons of music. It moved to FranceWith 10 years after calling the attention of the Gentleman of Way. There, in March, 1643, it entered as valet to Mademoiselle de Montpensier's service, which wanted to perfect his knowledge of the Italian language. To the age of 13 years, already it demonstrated endowments for the music and learned to touch the violin
Gaspar Sanz, of royal name Francisco Bartolomé Sanz Celma (Calanda, Teruel, on April 4, 1640 - Madrid, 1710), was a composer, guitarist and organist of the Spanish Baroque. He studied music, theology and philosophy in the University of Salamanca, where later he was nominated a teacher of music. He wrote three books of pedagogy and works for baroque guitar that they form an important part of the current digest of classic guitar according to the best musicians on the technologies of the guitar.The date of his birth corresponds with that of the Miracle of Calanda (1640); his supposed item of baptism dates back of April 4 of the same year. The first time that registers Gaspar's name is in 1669, in relation to a few examinations to the chair of Music of the University of Salamanca. He started by studying humanities before obtaining the graduate's degree in Theology and having occupied the chair in Music of the same university. The chair remained vacant for Juan Berjón's retirement of the Royal one. Together with other two musicians and after a great dispute the vacant position was surely for Antonio of Castro, since according to the examiners alone Sanz it was surpassing his opponent in theoretical matter but was lacking notions of composition, but five years later, and as anecdote, in 1674,The guitarist published his first edition of his book " Instruction of the music on Spanish guitar ".
We know that Gaspar Sanz I happen a long time in Rome and Naples where it would have received lessons of Orazio Benevoli, Pedro Ciano and Lelio Colista, but the only news of this alone trip is in his book, as well as in the dedications or in prologues
Marc-Antoine Charpentier (Paris, on February 1643-ibídem, 24, 1704) was a composer of the French Baroque. He was a non-profit-making and versatile composer, producing music of the highest quality in different kinds. The mastery of his composition in the religious vocal music was recognized by his contemporary ones. Curiously, it came to the great public of the 20th century across " You Deum " H 146 (in Re Mayor's tonality), whose prelude, one patrolled, has used as head-board or tuning in for the television programs distributed across the network of Eurovision and specially known for being precisely the opening of the Festival of Eurovision. It was the knowledge of Giacomo Carissimi's music in Rome, where he was studying painting, which inclined Charpentier's vocation towards The art of the sounds
Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles (baptized in Algemesí on September 6, 1644 - Valencia, on April 29, 1712) was an organist and Spanish composer of baroque music.
Cabanilles was formed in the school of his natal people with pedagogic Onofre Guinovant, organist of San Jaime's parish of Algemesí, man of big endowments since also it seems to be that it formed another great Valencian musician: Vicente Rodríguez Monllor. In spite of that one thinks that Cabanilles realized religious studies in the cathedral of Valencia, his name does not appear in any document up to his appointment as the second organist to help Andrés Peris, " the blind person of Valencia ", in substitution of the rough Jerónimo de la Torre. This appointment took place on May 15, 1655, still before received credit the clerical premium shears, that received on June 17, 1655. In San Mateo's témporas of the same year it received four minor orders
Arcangelo Corelli (Fusignano, States Pontificios, on February 17, 1653 - Rome, States Pontificios, on January 8, 1713) was a violinist and composer of the baroque Italian period. It was born in Fusignano (Rávena's province, Italy) on February 17, 1653. He was a son of one of the most important families of this city. From the infancy he was studying violin in his natal city. In 1666 he travels to Bologna, where he studies with Giovanni Benvenuti and Leonardo Brugnoli. In 1670 he happens to be a member of the Philharmonic Academy of Bologna. Five years later it is established in Rome, where there was adopted and lodged by the cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, nephew of the dad Alejandro VIII. In Rome it would reach an extraordinary reputation as violinist, simultaneously that was perfecting his technology compositiva. It was protected by the queen Cristina of Sweden.
Marin Marais (Paris, on May 31, 1656 - ibíd., August 15, 1728) was a violagambista and French composer, disciple of Jean-Baptiste Lully and of Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe. In 1676 it was contracted as musician of the court of Luis XIV of France. It stood out in this position, and in 1679 it was named ordinaire of the chambre du roi pour violate it, title that it preserved until 1725. He was an out-standing interpreter of it her violates of shrimp and one of the most notable composers for the above mentioned instrument. He wrote five books of pièces of violate, the majority suites with down I continue. These pieces were popular enough in the court, and for them it was remembered by a lot of time, being " the one that founded and established firmly the empire of her Hubert le Blanc violates " (, 1740). His catalogue of works includes also operas, of Of that probably most known it is Alcyone (1706) for his scene of the tempest. It exists an integral edition of the pieces of violates, published by Éditions J. M. Fuzeau
Henry Purcell; (St Ann's Lane, Old Pye Street, Westminster, c. 1659-Dean's Yard, Westminster; on November 21, 1695) 1 was a British composer of the Baroque. Considered one of the best English composers of all the times, 2 incorporated into his music stylistic French and Italian elements, generating an own style Englishman of baroque music. Beginnings (to [edit) Henry Purcell was born in St's county. Ann's Lane, Westminster. His father, also of name Henry Purcell, was a gentleman of the Royal Chapel, and sang in the coronation of the King Carlos II of England. It was the major one of three brothers, of which the minor, Daniel Purcell (deceased in 1717), was equally a prolific composer. After the death of his father, in 1664, Henry Purcell stayed under the custody of his uncle Thomas Purcell( Dead man in 1682), the one who showed for him fondness. Thomas was likewise a gentleman of the Chapel of the King and it managed Henry's admission as member of the choir. Henry studied first with Henry Cooke, teacher of the children, and then with Pelham Humfrey, successor of Cooke. It is said that Purcell began to compose 9 years after age
François Couperin (Paris, on November 10 of 1668-Paris, on September 11, 1733) composer, organist and clavecinista Frenchman of the Baroque. He is one of the most important composers, together with Jean-Philippe Rameau, of the baroque French music in general and of the music for fix especially. There is called he Couperin le Grand (Couperin Big) to distinguish it from other members of his family, also musicians. It is most distinguished from all of them, for his immense virtuosity to the organ and to the clave.
Original of Chaumes in Brie, the family Couperin constituted one of the most numerous musical French families of the XVIIth and XVIIIth century. The father of François Couperin, Charles Couperin (1639-1679), was the minor brother of Louis Couperin and it happened to him as holder of the organ of San Gervasio's Parisian church (Saint-Gervais). Equally, he was a teacher of key of the duchess of Orleans.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, (Venice, on March 4 of 1678 - on July Vienna, 28, 1741) was a composer, violinist, impresario, teacher and catholic Venetian priest of the baroque. There was nicknamed Il prete rosso (" The red priest ") for being a priest and red-haired. It is a question of one of the most relevant figures of the history of the music. His mastery is reflected in having established the kind of the concert, the most important of his epoch It composed approximately 770 works, between which they tell themselves more than 400 concerts and near 46 operas. He is specially an acquaintance, to popular level, for being the author of the series of concerts for violin and orchestrates four stations.Of the origins of his family it is known very little. His grandfather, Agostino, was a baker of Brescia; married Margherita, with whom it had several children. One of them was Giovanni Battista, familiarmente called Gianbattista, which it was born in 1656 and was the father of the composer. Margherita, to the death of his husband, was to Venice with his children and Gianbattista started standing out as violinist. In June, 1676, twenty years after age, it married with Camilla Calicchiol musical Gianbattista Vivaldi, nicknamed Rosso ("Red") and registered in some documents as Giovanni Battista Rossi, was a charter member of the " Sovvegno of ' musicisti I gave Holy Cecilia ", professional organization of Venetian musicians; likewise he was a violinist in the orchestra of the basilica of San Marcos and in that of the Theatre San Giovanni Grisostomo. There exists a qualified opera The Fedeltà sfortunata of 1689 composed by a Giovanni Battista Rossi - the name with which the father of Vivaldi had joined the Sovvegno I gave Holy Cecilia.
Georg Philipp Telemann (Magdeburg, Sacred Empire Romano Germánico, on March 14, 1681 - Hamburg, Sacred Empire Romano Germánico, on June 25, 1767) was a baroque German composer, though his work also had characteristics of beginning of the classicism. He is considered to be the most prolific composer of the history of the music. Self-taught in music, he studied laws in the University of Leipzig. It was contemporary of Johann Sebastian Bach and of Georg Friedrich Händel. So prolific that it was never capable of counting the number of his compositions, he travelled very much, absorbing different musical studies and incorporating them into his own compositions. It obtained a series of important charges, culminating with that of the director of music of five bigger churches of Hamburg, from 1720 Up to his death, in 1767. There happened to him his godson Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
Jean-Philippe Rameau (Dijon, on September 25, 1683 - Paris, on September 12, 1764) was a composer, clavecinista and theoretical musical Frenchman, very influential in the baroque epoch. It replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of the French opera and was duramente attacked by those who preferred the style of his predecessor. It expired in 1764, you upset one month before another great French musician, Jean-Marie Leclair, was dying asesinado.1 Rameau's lyric work - to whom it began to devote almost at the age of 50 and who consists of 31 works - it constitutes a most of his musical contribution and marks the height of the French Clasicismo in an epoch in which these cánones objected strongly to those of the Italian music, up to entered good the 18th century. His more known work is The opera - ballet They gallant Indes (1735), though his they are some of the masterpieces of the lyric French theatre, as the tragedies Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), Beaver et Pollux (1737), Dardanus (1739 and 1744) and Zoroastre (1749); the operas - ballets, They Fêtes d'Hébé (1739) and The Princesse de Navarre (1745); or the comedy Platée (1745). His lyric works remained forgotten for almost two centuries, but from middle of the 20th century they benefit from the general movement of rediscovery of the ancient music.
His works for clavecín, nevertheless, have been always present in the digest - him Tambourin, L'Entretien des Card games, Him Abseiling des Oiseaux, The Poule - and they were interpreted (to the piano) in the 19th century, of equal way that the works of Bach, Couperin or Scarlatti. Rameau is generally considered to be the most important French musician previous to the 19th century and the first theoretical one of classic harmony: his agreements, in spite of some blemishes, were until beginning of the 20th century works of reference
Georg Friedrich Händel; in English George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (Halle, Brandenburg - Prussia, 23 of febrerojul./on March 5 of 1685greg. - London, April 14, 1759) was a German composer, later nationalized Englishman, considered one of the figures summit of the music of the Baroque and one of the most influential composers of the western and universal music. In the history of the music, he is the first composer modernoen to have adapted and focused his music to satisfy the tastes and needs of the public, instead of those of the nobility and of the patrons, since habitual age.
Johann Sebastian Bach (Eisenach, Sacred Empire Romano Germánico - nowadays been federated German of Thuringia-, 21 of marzojul./on March 31 of 1685greg.-Leipzig, Sacred Empire Romano Germánico - Saxony-, on July 28, 1750) was a composer, organist, clavecinista, violinist, violista, teacher of chapel and kantor German of the baroque period. He was the most important member of one of the musicians' families more distinguished from the history, with more than 35 famous composers. It had a great reputation as organist and clavecinista in the whole Europe for his great technology and aptitude to improvise music to the keyboard. Besides the organ and of the clavecín, it was touching the violin and it violates it gives shrimp.
Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (Naples, Kingdom of Naples, on October 26 of 1685 - Madrid, I Reign of Spain, on July 23, 1757) was an Italian composer of the baroque period bought property in Spain, where it composed almost all his sonatas for clavicémbalo, for that it is universally recognized. His style evolved towards the preclassic It was born in Naples (Italy), in this moment belonging to the Spanish Crown, and was the sixth one of ten children and minor brother of Pietro Filippo Scarlatti, also musician. He started by studying with his father, the composer and teacher Alessandro Scarlatti; other composers who could be his teachers were Gaetano Greco, Francesco Gasparini and Bernardo Pasquini, influencing all of them in his musical style. It turned into composer and organist of the royal chapel of the Spanish Court of Naples at the age of sixteen, and in 1704 there checked the opera Irene, of Carlo Francesco Pollarolo, for a representation in Naples. Little later his father sent Venice, but there is not had information of four years that happened there. In 1709 it was to Rome to put to the service of the exiled Polish queen Maria Casimira. During his stay in Rome it knew Silvius Leopold Weiss and Thomas Roseingrave,
Antonio Soler and Branches (Olot, on December 3, 1729 - The St Lawrence of El Escorial, December 20, 1783) was a composer and clavecinista Spanish, representative of the Spanish school of music for keyboard of the 18th century,
and follower of the musical current got in Spain for the Italian Domenico Scarlatti.
When he was 6 years old it entered the Escolanía de Montserrat, where it began his studies of music and organ, as Fernando Sor would do. It joined as monk San Jerónimo's religious order and devoted itself as priest in 1752, by what he is known as " The father Soler ". He was a teacher of chapel in the cathedral of Lerida and, later, there occupied the post of organist and the director of the choir of the monastery of The St Lawrence of El Escorial, where it happened to form a part of his community of jerónimos. Here it was teaching and acting as the first organist and was composing the music for the trades. Between his pupils was standing out the Infante Gabriel de Borbón, son of Carlos III. The Infante was a very capable student, in fact several of the sonatas for key of Occurring were composed expressly for him.It was in the Dump where he studied with Jose de Nebra and Domenico Scarlatti. The latter was, in those days, a composer of the Spanish court and it influenced certainly the work of Occurring; since they find significant similarities in the sonatas of both composers. Both used wide jumps, crossings repeated of the hands and steps you will climb in third or in sixths and the use of l'acciaccatura, technology that also there was using the father Soler (Sonata Not 5 in major Fa). Even this way, there are stylistic differences, as the predilection of Occurring for " down Alberti ", strange used by Scarlatti.he is considered to be the most renowned Spanish teacher of the school of key and his marked personality dominates powerfully in the panorama of the Spanish music of the 18th century.