Madame de Stael (Biblioteca Italiana)
Pellico and Maroncelli, two italian political dissenters, against the tyranny of Austrians, were imprisoned and sent to the austrian fortress of Spielberg.
Living into exile in France, Giuseppe Mazzini established the political republican movement of "La giovine Italia".
The Savoy Reign of Carlo Alberto made war against the Austro-Hungarian Empire in order to reach the indipendence from the foreign enemy. The result was a failure.
Carlo Alberto abdicated in favour of Vittorio Emanuele II.
The piedmontese prime minister Cavour formed an alliance with the french sovereign Napoleon III.
Conquest of Lombardy by the Italian army, helped by the french troops.
Victories of Magenta, Solferino and San Martino.
(In return for french military help)
Headed by Giuseppe Garibaldi, thousand volunteers went away on a mission to South Italy in order to free the local population from the reactionary Bourbon rule.
Vittorio Emanuele II was proclaimed "King of Italy".