barroque composers


jacopo peri

20 August 1561 - 12 August 1633

Jacopo Peri (August 20, 1561-12 August 1633) was an Italian composer and singer from the period of transition between the Renaissance and the Baroque, and is considered the inventor of the opera. Composed the first opera that is conserved: Eurydice (1600).

claudio monteverdi

1567 - 1643

Claudio Giovanni Monteverdi (Cremona, baptized 15 of May of 1567 - Venice, 29 of November of 1643) was a composer, gambista and Italian singer. It marked the transition between the polyphonic and madrigalist tradition of the sixteenth century and the birth of opera and lyrical drama in the seventeenth century. He is the most important figure in the transition between the music of the Renaissance and the Baroque.

michael praeturius

15 February 1571 - 15 February 1621

Michael Praetorius (Creuzburg, Thuringia,Michael Praetorius (Creuzburg, Thuringia, 15 February 1571 - Wolfenbüttel, 15 February 1621) was a German composer and organist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his time and influenced the development of forms based on Protestant hymns. - Wolfenbüttel, 15 February 1621) was a German composer and organist. He was one of the most versatile composers of his time and influenced the development of forms based on Protestant hymns.

gregorio allegri

1582 - 7 February 1652

Gregorio Allegri (Rome, circa 1582-ibidem, February 17, 1652) was an Italian priest, songwriter and composer.

girolamo frescobaldi

September, 1583 - 1 March 1643

Girolamo Frescobaldi (Ferrara, 13 of September of 1583 - Rome, 1 of March of 1643), Italian musician of the baroque period.

francisco correa de araujo

1584 - 1654

Francisco Correa de Araujo (Seville, baptized on September 17, 1584 - Segovia, dies between October 6 and November 18, 1654) was one of the most important Andalusian composers and organists of the transitional period between the Renaissance and the Baroque .

jean baptise lully

1632 - 1687

Jean-Baptiste Lully (Florence, Italy, November 28, 1632-Paris, March 22, 1687) was a French composer, instrumentalist and dancer of Italian origin, creator of the French opera consisting of a complex staging incorporating Opera with French aesthetic, in addition to ballet and deep literary texts that he baptized like "Musical tragedies".

gaspar sanz

1640 - 1710

Gaspar Sanz, of real name Francisco Bartolomé Sanz Celma (Calanda, Teruel, 4 of April of 1640 - Madrid, 1710), was a composer, guitarist and organist of the Spanish Baroque. He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed professor of music. He wrote three books of pedagogy and works for baroque guitar that form an important part of the current repertoire of classical guitar according to the best musicians on guitar techniques.

marc antoine charpentier

1643 - 1704

Marc-Antoine Charpentier (Paris, 1643-ibidem, February 24, 1704) was a French Baroque composer.

juan cabanilles

1644 - 1712

Juan Bautista José Cabanilles (baptized in Algemesí 6 of September of 1644 - Valencia, 29 of April of 1712) was organist and Spanish composer of baroque music.

arcangelo corelli

1653 - 1713

Arcangelo Corelli (Fusignano, Pontifical States, 17 of February of 1653 - Rome, Pontifical States, 8 of January of 1713) was a violinist and composer of the Italian baroque period.

marin marais

1656 - 1728

Marin Marais (May 31, 1656 - August 15, 1728) was a French violist and composer, disciple of Jean-Baptiste Lully and Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe. In 1676 he was hired as a musician at the court of Louis XIV of France. He excelled in that post, and in 1679 he was appointed ordinaire de la chambre du roi pour la viole, a title he kept until 1725.

He was an outstanding interpreter of the viola de gamba and one of the most notable composers of the instrument. He wrote five books of pièces de viole, most suites with low continuum. These pieces were quite popular in the court, and by them he was remembered for a long time, being "the one who founded and established firmly the empire of the viola" (Hubert le Blanc, 1740). Its catalog of works also includes operas, of which perhaps the best known one is Alcyone (1706) by its scene of the storm.

There is an integral edition of the pieces of viola, published by Éditions J. M. Fuzeau.

henry purcell

1659 - 1695

Henry Purcell November 1695) was a British Baroque composer. Considered one of the best English composers of all time, 2 incorporated French and Italian stylistic elements into his music, generating an English style of Baroque music.

françois couperin

1668 - 1733

François Couperin (Paris, 10 November 1668 - Paris, 11 September 1733) French composer, organist and harpsichordist of the Baroque.
He is one of the most important composers, along with Jean-Philippe Rameau, of French baroque music in general and music for particular key. He is called Couperin le Grand (Couperin the Great) to distinguish him from other members of his family, also musicians. He is the most outstanding of them all, for his immense virtuosity to the organ and the key.

antonio vivaldi

1678 - 1743

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, 1 (Venice, March 4, 1678-Vienna, July 28, 1741) was a composer, violinist, impresario, teacher and Venetian Catholic Baroque priest. He was nicknamed Il prete rosso ("The Red Priest") for being a priest and a redhead. It is one of the most relevant figures in the history of music. His mastery is reflected in having cemented the genre of the concert, the most important of his time.

It composed some 770 works, among which there are more than 400 concerts and about 46 operas. He is especially known, at the popular level, for being the author of the concert series for violin and orchestra The Four Seasons.

georg philipp telemann

1681 - 1767

Georg Philipp Telemann (Magdeburg, Holy Roman Empire, March 14, 1681 - Hamburg, Holy Roman Empire, 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer, although his work also had characteristics of early classicism. He is considered the most prolific composer in the history of music.

Self-taught in music, he studied law at the University of Leipzig. He was contemporary with Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friedrich Händel.

So prolific that he was never able to count the number of his compositions, he traveled a lot, absorbing different musical studies and incorporating them into his own compositions. He achieved a number of important positions, culminating with the music director of Hamburg's five largest churches from 1720 until his death in 1767. He was succeeded by his godson Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach.

jean philippe rameau

1683 - 1764

Jean-Philippe Rameau (Dijon, September 25, 1683 - Paris, September 12, 1764) was a French composer, harpsichordist and musical theorist, very influential in the Baroque period. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of the French opera and was severely attacked by those who preferred the style of his predecessor. He died in 1764, barely a month before another great French musician, Jean-Marie Leclair, was killed.

Rameau's lyrical work - which began to be devoted to almost 50 years and which consists of 31 works - constitutes the major part of his musical contribution and marks the heyday of French Classicism2, at a time when those canons opposed Force to those of the Italian music, well into the eighteenth century. His most famous work is the opera-ballet Les Indes galantes (1735), although his are some of the masterpieces of French lyric theater, such as the tragedies Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), Castor et Pollux (1737), Dardanus (1739 and 1744) and Zoroastre (1749); The operas-ballets, Les Fêtes d'Hébé (1739) and La Princesse de Navarre (1745); Or the comedy Platée (1745). Their lyrical works remained forgotten during almost two centuries, but from the middle of century XX they benefit from the general rediscovery movement of the old music.

His harpsichord works, however, have always been present in the repertoire-Le Tambourin, L'Entretien des Muses, Le Rappel des Oiseaux, La Poule-and were performed (piano) in the 19th century, just as the Works by Bach, Couperin or Scarlatti.

Rameau is generally regarded as the most important French musician prior to the nineteenth century3 and as the first classical harmony theorist: his treatises, despite some imperfections, were reference works until the early 20th century.

domenico scarlatti

1685 - 1752

Giuseppe Domenico Scarlatti (Naples, Kingdom of Naples, 26 October 1685-Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, July 23, 1757) was an Italian composer of the baroque period settled in Spain, where he composed almost all his sonatas for harpsichord, Which is universally recognized. His style evolved into the preclassic.

johan sabastian bach

1685 - 1750

Johann Sebastian Bach (Eisenach, Sacred Germanic Roman Empire -now German federal state of Thuringia-, March 21 / March 31, 1685-Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire Germanic-Saxony-, July 28, 1750) was a composer , Organist, harpsichordist, violinist, violist, chapelmaster and German kantor of the Baroque period.

He was the most important member of one of the most outstanding families of musicians in history, with more than 35 famous composers. He had a great reputation as organist and harpsichordist throughout Europe for his great technique and ability to improvise music to the keyboard. Besides the organ and the harpsichord, he played the violin and the viola da gamba.

Its fruitful work is considered as the summit of baroque music; It emphasizes in its intellectual depth, its technical perfection and its artistic beauty, in addition to the synthesis of the diverse national styles of its time and of the past. Bach is considered the last great master of the art of counterpoint, 1 and source of inspiration and influence for later composers and musicians, from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to Félix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler to more recent musicians like Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Paul Hindemith, Igor Stravinsky, Heitor Villa-Lobos or Astor Piazzolla, among many others.

Among his best known works are the Concerts of Brandenburg, The Well Tempered Key, Mass in B Minor, Passion According to St. Matthew, The Art of Flight, Musical Offering, Goldberg Variations, Tocata and Leakage in D Minor, Several cycles of cantatas (among them the famous BWV 140 and BWV 147), the Italian Concert, the French Open, the Suites for cello alone, the Sonatas and partitas for violin solo, the Concerts for keyboard and the Suites for orchestra.

georg friedich haendel

23 february 1685 - 14 april 1759

Georg Friedrich Händel (German pronunciation: George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (Halle, Brandenburg-Prussia, February 23, 5 March 1685 - London, April 14, 1759) was a German composer, later nationalized English, considered one of the leading figures of Baroque music and one of the most influential composers of Western and universal music.In the history of music, he is the first modern composer to have adapted and focused his music to satisfy the tastes And needs of the public, instead of those of the nobility and patrons, as was usual.

Considered the successor and continuador of Henry Purcell, it marked an era in English music. He is the first great teacher of music based on the technique of homophony and the greatest within the realm of the genres of serious Italian opera and oratorio.

His musical legacy, a synthesis of the German, Italian, French and English styles of the first half of the eighteenth century, includes works in virtually all genres of his time, where 43 operas, 26 oratorios (among them The Messiah) and a choral legacy Are the most outstanding and important of his musical production.

padre soler

1729 - 1783

Antonio Soler y Ramos (Olot, 3 de diciembre de 1729 – San Lorenzo de El Escorial, 20 de diciembre de 1783) fue un compositor y clavecinista español, representante de la escuela española de música para teclado del siglo XVIII, y seguidor de la corriente musical introducida en España por el italiano Domenico Scarlatti.