Johann Sebastian Bach (Eisenach, Sacred Germanic Roman Empire -now German federal state of Thuringia-, March 21 / March 31, 1685-Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire Germanic-Saxony-, July 28, 1750) was a composer , Organist, harpsichordist, violinist, violist, chapelmaster and German kantor of the Baroque period.
He was the most important member of one of the most outstanding families of musicians in history, with more than 35 famous composers. He had a great reputation as organist and harpsichordist throughout Europe for his great technique and ability to improvise music to the keyboard. Besides the organ and the harpsichord, he played the violin and the viola da gamba.
Its fruitful work is considered as the summit of baroque music; It emphasizes in its intellectual depth, its technical perfection and its artistic beauty, in addition to the synthesis of the diverse national styles of its time and of the past. Bach is considered the last great master of the art of counterpoint, 1 and source of inspiration and influence for later composers and musicians, from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to Félix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler to more recent musicians like Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Paul Hindemith, Igor Stravinsky, Heitor Villa-Lobos or Astor Piazzolla, among many others.
Among his best known works are the Concerts of Brandenburg, The Well Tempered Key, Mass in B Minor, Passion According to St. Matthew, The Art of Flight, Musical Offering, Goldberg Variations, Tocata and Leakage in D Minor, Several cycles of cantatas (among them the famous BWV 140 and BWV 147), the Italian Concert, the French Open, the Suites for cello alone, the Sonatas and partitas for violin solo, the Concerts for keyboard and the Suites for orchestra.