The Renaissance was a period of significant advancement in science and the arts in Europe.
The Ottoman Empire was a long-standing empire lasting from 1300 to 1917. It culturally defined much of the Middle East and played a big part in WWI.
The Ming Dynasty helped China reach its place as an international superpower.
Timur the Lame burns Delhi to the ground. This halted the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
The Medici family takes control of Florence, Italy. This was a defining event of the European Renaissance.
Gutenberg's printing press revolutionized the printing of books and helped spread ideas much faster.
Christopher Columbus reaches the Bahamas. This brought North America into the eyes of Europe, who were looking to get more resources.
Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Tordesillas, which split North American settlement between the two nations. The influence this has on the history of the Americas can be seen to this day.
Vasco da Gama finally establishes a water trade route between Asia and Europe. This strengthens trade and further increases the spread of ideas.
Slavery had a colossal impact on North and South American history.
The Protestant Reformation showed that the Church was not all-powerful and would change its rules to stay in power. It also gave way to less religion-oriented scientific thought.
Martin Luther was a declared a heretic by the Pope. This was a defining event of the Reformation.
Magellan's crew circumnavigates the world, proving that the world is a sphere.
The Mughal Empire was an empire ruling modern-day India, known for its progressive policies. It greatly influenced the culture in the region.
Henry VIII proclaimed himself to be above the Church, a shocking claim at the time.
Ivan the terrible turned Russia into a world power, but this cost Russia most of its culture.
The Scientific Revolution was a time of great scientific advancement during and after the Renaissance.
The Elizabethan age is the name given to the time England was ruled by Queen Elizabeth I. It brought about economic stability.
Galileo Galilei helped craft modern astronomy with his discoveries of several moons and astrophysical theories.
Roanoke was the first English attempt to settle the new world. It failed, as the residents disappeared without a trace shortly after its settlement.
This was a war between many European superpowers. It significantly reduced the influence of the Catholic Church.
The English civil war was a fight between the government and royalists and the rebels pushing for a new government. The rebels win and execute Charles I.
Isaac Newton's theories in physics, most notably his three laws, revolutionized the study of physics and is still the framework for modern physics.
The Qing Dynasty was the last dynasty in China. Despite the violent upbringing of the dynasty, the rulers are very respectful of the Chinese way of life and do not interfere with it.
The Restoration was a time when monarchies throughout Great Britain were reinstated.
Peter the Great brought about a scientific and cultural revolution in Russia, modernizing it.
The industrial revolution was a time of modernization, invention and economic prosperity for Europe. However, it also lowered the working conditions of millions.
The American Revolution was an independence war fought between Britain and the United States. The US won, creating their own independent nation.
The French Revolution was fought between the French government and the French peasants. The peasants won and eliminated the French monarchy.