Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

The United Nation

June 1945

The United Nation was created to prevent another global conflict."

NATO

1949

NATO was created to make a military defense and The Eastern Bloc countries signed Warsaw Pact in return."

Korean War

1950 - 1953

" sent 27,000 troops to the Korean War in order to help on keeping peace.

Lester Pearson

1952

Lester Pearson became Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations."

Suez, Egypt

1956

" Pearson instructed the first U.N. peacekeeping in Suez, Egypt.

Nobel Peace Prize

1957

" Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution on Suez Crisis.

the Avro Arrow project

1959

" Avro Arrow project was canceled by Diefenbaker’s Conservatives.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

!http://tse4.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M1732b9b67c9cbf7427dd68964ff30e3do0&pid=15.1!Prime Minister Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into the conflict between the U.S and Soviet Union.

Cyprus

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

!http://tse3.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M80443cf24472d3ae00c1abeb524f3e32H0&pid=15.1!Prime Minister Pearson criticized on the U.S bombing campaign of North Vietnam.

Communist China

1970

" government officially recognized Communist China.

China visit

1973

" Trudeau visited Communist China on a peace mission.

Cuba visit

1976

" Pierre Trudeau visited Communist Cuba.

Berlin Wall

1989

" Berlin Wall came down, the communism fell.

The Gulf War

1991

" sent troops to support U.S in the Gulf War against Iraq.

Soviet Union broke up

1991

Somalia

1992

" United Nations launched the Peacekeeping in Somalia that provided help from civil war and starvation.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

"http://tse2.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M50b99687307cc3075d5c53b929a32ad5o0&pid=15.1"Canadian forces went Bosnia as the first U.N. peace-keeping but not success.

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

" massive wave of killing happened in Rwanda, about a million people died within weeks.