world history

Events

First Fascist Movement in Italy (1919)

1919

Benito Mussolini creates Fascist Party in order to seize Italian government. Inspired Hitler to do the same in Germany.

Hitler Assumes Control of Nazi Party (1921)

1921

Adolf Hitler became leader of NSDAP and began to increase its prominence in the German government.

Hitler Youth is Formed (1922)

1922

Hitler creates an organization to promote fascism/Nazi Party to young boys.

Creation of Sturmabteilung (1922)

1922

Hitler forms the Sturmabteilung (SA) as an organization like Hitler Youth but for older people/adults.

Beer Hall Putsch (1923)

1923

Nazi’s failed attempt at overthrowing the German government but failed.

Hitler Imprisoned (1924)

1924

After the failure of the Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler was put on trial for treason and then sentenced to five years in prison. He only ended up serving nine months of that sentence before he was released.

Nazi Membership in 1928

1928

In 1928 Nazi membership was at about 100,000 members and they would continuously grow as Hitler's speeches gained popularity.

Nazi Membership in 1932

1932

In 1932, Nazi membership was at about 800,000 members and had become the largest party in the German parliament, the Reichstag.

Reichstag Fire (1933)

1933

The Reichstag Fire was an arson attack on the German parliamentary building by a group of communists. Hitler used the fire as a way to generate fear for communists, boosting his power.

Hitler Becomes Chancellor (1933)

1933

In 1933, Hitler was officially declared chancellor, the elected leader of Germany,

The Enabling Act (1933)

1933

The Enabling Act allowed Hitler and the Cabinet to enact laws without the participation of the legislative body, the Reichstag, for four years. It also allowed the Nazis to get rid of all other opposing political parties.

Hitler Becomes Fuhrer (1934)

1934

When the President of Germany died, rather than reelecting a new president, Hitler created a new position called Fuhrer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor).