1920s~1930s: Society, Economy, & Government

General

Mass Culture / Sexual Revolution

Approx. 1920 - Approx. 1930

Mass production and consumption of consumer goods (Frederick Taylor, Henry Ford--Model T & Assembly line)
Urbanization (materialism)
Mass value (moral relativism, radios, movies, spectator sports)

Warren Harding

1921 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1924 - 1928

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Great Depression

Approx. 1929 - Approx. 1938

First New Deal

1933 - 1934

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1934 - 1945

Second New Deal

1935 - 1938

Events

Harlem Renaissance

1918 - Approx. 1935

Langston Hughes

18th Amendment

1919

Prohibition

19th Amendment

May 19, 1919

Women's suffrage

2nd KKK

1920 - 1925

Teapot Dome Scandal

1923

National Origins Act of 1924

1924

Reduced immigration

Scopes Monkey Trial

July 21, 1925

isolated fundamentalists

Charles Lindbergh's Flight

1927

The Spirit of St. Louis
Perfect blend of traditional and new America

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929

The Great Crash

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

1930

Bonus Army

1932

Election of 1932

1932

FDR won a landslide

Battle of Anacostia Flats

July 28, 1932

21st Amendment

1933

Alcohol is legal again

Bank Holiday

March 6, 1933 - March 9, 1933

Emergency Banking Act

March 9, 1933

Inspection of banks before they could reopen

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

March 31, 1933

Outdoor work for young men

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

May 1933

Subsidize farmers to produce less

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

May 18, 1933

Regional planning/big construction projects in Tennessee Valley

Truth-In-Securities Act

May 27, 1933

Required businesses to publish their financial condition every quarter

Glass-Steagall Act

June 16, 1933

FDIC: insures deposits

National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA)

June 16, 1933

National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Logo: Blue American Eagle
Section 7A: required businesses to negotiate with unions
Ruled unconstitutional

Townsend Plan

September 1933

Civil Works Administration (CWA)

November 1933

Securities and Exchange Act

1934

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): oversees the stock market

Share Our Wealth Society

February 1934

Huey Long

Indian Reorganization Act

June 18, 1934

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

May 6th, 1935

Wagner Act

July 5, 1935

Replaced Section 7A in NIRA

Social Security Act

August 1935

help the unemployed, the elderly, and the disabled
retirement benefits

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act

1936

Replaced AAA

Court Packing Plan

1936

United Auto Workers Sit-Down Strike

December 1936

Roosevelt Recession

1937 - 1938

Fair Labor Standards Act

June 25, 1938

min wage & max hours