1840~1865: Sectionalism & the Civil War

General

Know-Nothings

1844

Republican

March 1854

Buchanan

March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1861

Lincoln

March 4, 1861 - April 14, 1865

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 10, 1865

First modern war
First total war

Lincoln Assassinated

April 14, 1865

John Wilkes Booth

Events

Wilmot Proviso

August 8, 1846

a proposal saying that all new lands acquired from Mexico must be free

Compromise of 1850

September 1850

CA free
no slave trade in DC
Fugitive slave act
popular sovereignty of the rest of the new territories

Fugitive Slave Act

September 18, 1850

Gadsden Purchase

December 30, 1853

completed current US map

Bleeding Kansas

1856

Bleeding Sumner

May 1856

Canning of Charles Sumner

Pottawatomie Massacre

May 24, 1856

John Brown

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

Lincoln-Douglass Debates

August 1858

Harpers Ferry Raid

Oct 16 1859

John Brown

Confederate States Of America

February 1861

Jefferson Davis

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

first shot

Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

this will be a long and difficult war

Monitor vs. Merrimac

March 8, 1862

first battle between ironclad ships

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

--> Emancipation Proclamation
first major N. victory

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

slaves in rebelling area will be free
didn't end slavery

Battle of Vicksburg

May 22, 1863

control the entire Mississippi River: split the Confederates in two

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863

great turning point

10% Plan

December 8, 1863

Sherman's march to the sea

November 15, 1864

led to the end of the Civil War

13th Amendment

January 31, 1865

abolish slavery

Freedman's Bureau

March 3, 1865

Appomattox Court House

April 9, 1865

Confederate surrendered