resulting in dominance of communism in china: Chiang and Nationalists escape to Taiwan. Mao asserted communist power on mainland China.
Approx. 1940 - Approx. 1957
1940- commercial TV
1950- commercially functioning UNIVAC computer, IBM business computers
1952- US detonated 1st hydrogen bomb (nuclear fusion)
1950's- development of dishwashers, garbage disposals, credit cards (consumer credit grows)
United Nations formed
Inflation and strikes
Ex. Lewis led United Mine Workers to strike, shut down coal fields for 40 days. Truman forced coal production to resume (gov't seizure) and pressured mine owners to grant union its demands. Railroads shut down- 2 major unions walked out on a strike. Truman pressured them back to work by threatening to use the army. Some employers pushed minorities out of the way to make room for white males. Some war workers left their jobs (mostly women).
CIA and NSC formed
deepened rift btwn non-Communist West and Communist East
Alger Hiss Case
Hiss was charged with disloyalty to the gov't, was suspected to be Communist?. Goes to show America's panic and fear of communism.
1948 - 1949
Election of 1948
Divided democrats: Liberal (progressive party) and Southern (democrats), both did not like Truman. However, Truman defeats Dewey (republican) in the election.
Americans left Soviet Union, giving control to pro-Western gov't of Rhee, who was anticommunist but only nominally democratic.
China intervenes in Korean War
October 22 1950
they got triggered when McArthur got too close to the border.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Execution
Members of Communist Party, suspected to have helped in the Soviet detonation of atomic bomb in 1949. Sentenced to death.
Apollo program to land astronauts on moon. Major rivals against Soviet Union.