APUSH Unit 8

Events

Chinese Civil War

1927 - 1950

resulting in dominance of communism in china: Chiang and Nationalists escape to Taiwan. Mao asserted communist power on mainland China.

Postwar technology

Approx. 1940 - Approx. 1957

1940- commercial TV
1950- commercially functioning UNIVAC computer, IBM business computers
1952- US detonated 1st hydrogen bomb (nuclear fusion)
1950's- development of dishwashers, garbage disposals, credit cards (consumer credit grows)

Tehran Conference

1943

GI Bill

1944

Potsdam Conference

1945

Yalta Conference

1945

United Nations formed

1945

Inflation and strikes

1946

Ex. Lewis led United Mine Workers to strike, shut down coal fields for 40 days. Truman forced coal production to resume (gov't seizure) and pressured mine owners to grant union its demands. Railroads shut down- 2 major unions walked out on a strike. Truman pressured them back to work by threatening to use the army. Some employers pushed minorities out of the way to make room for white males. Some war workers left their jobs (mostly women).

CIA and NSC formed

1947

Taft-Hartley Act

1947

Levittowns formed

Approx. 1947

Truman Doctrine

1947

Election of 1948

1948

Divided democrats: Liberal (progressive party) and Southern (democrats), both did not like Truman. However, Truman defeats Dewey (republican) in the election.

Berlin Airlift

1948 - 1949

Alger Hiss Case

1948

Hiss was charged with disloyalty to the gov't, was suspected to be Communist?. Goes to show America's panic and fear of communism.

Marshall Plan

1948

deepened rift btwn non-Communist West and Communist East

Syngman Rhee

1949

Americans left Soviet Union, giving control to pro-Western gov't of Rhee, who was anticommunist but only nominally democratic.

China intervenes in Korean War

October 22 1950

they got triggered when McArthur got too close to the border.

Truman-McArthur Controversy

1951

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Execution

1953

Members of Communist Party, suspected to have helped in the Soviet detonation of atomic bomb in 1949. Sentenced to death.

Warsaw Pact

1955

Baby Boom

1957

John Birch Society

1958

NASA formed

1958

Apollo program to land astronauts on moon. Major rivals against Soviet Union.