American Lit 1800-1860

Events

Johnny Appleseed

1800

John Chapman (a.k.a. Johnny Appleseed, a man who introduced apple trees to states in the central eastern US) begins handing out apple seeds and seedlings to Ohio settlers.

The U.S. Library of Congress is founded

April 24, 1800

President John Adams signes the bill establishing the federal government in Washington and creates the Library of Congress containing "books as may be necessary for the use of Congress"

The U.S. capital is moved

Approx. June, 1800

The U. S. capital is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.

Lewis and Clark's journey begins

May 14, 1804

Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and crew leave St. Louis, Missouri, on a mission to explore the Northwest from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.

Jefferson is re-elected POTUS

November, 1804

Jefferson is re-elected president. All state electors vote for him except those of Connecticut, Delaware, and two from Maryland. George Clinton is his vice president.

Noah Webster publishes his first dictionary

1806

Noah Webster publishes his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language.

Abraham Lincoln is born

February 12, 1809

Future 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln is born in Hardin County, KY.

Washington burns

August 24, 1814

the British troops captured Washington and began lighting the city on fire in revenge for the US troops' burning of Canadian government buildings earlier in the war. The White House, a number of federal buildings, and several private homes were destroyed. The incomplete Capitol building was also set on fire, and the House of Representatives and the Library of Congress were burnt before a torrential downpour put out the fire.

The Underground Railroad is established

1820

The Underground Railroad was established to aid enslaved people in their escape to freedom. The railroad was comprised of dozens of secret routes and safe houses originating in the slaveholding states and extending all the way to the Canadian border, the only area where fugitives could be assured of their freedom.

Erie Canal comleted

october 26, 1825

Major transportation achievement which made New York much more commercially available

Andrew Jackson is elected POTUS

November, 1828

Andrew Jackson wins the election against John Quincy Adams for seventh President, and goes on to force the Cherokee to give up their land east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to the the land that no one wanted (Oklahoma etc).

The first reported bank robbery in the U.S.

March 19, 1831

The first reported bank robbery in U.S. history (there was one in 1798 but for some reason it doesn't count) occurs at the City Bank of New York by James Honeyman and William J. Murray who take $245,000, roughly equivalent to $52 million today.

The American Medical Association is founded

May 7, 1847

The American Medical Association is founded in Philadelphia.

Millard Fillmore is sworn into office

July 9, 1850

Millard Fillmore is sworn into office as the 13th President of the United States. Fillmore had been elected Vice President in 1848, and became the President when former President, Zachary Taylor, died.

Oregon becomes a state!!

February 14, 1859

Oregon is founded as the 33rd state

Abraham Lincoln is elected POTUS

November, 1860

Abraham Lincon is elected 16th POTUS, and will later abolish slavery

South Carolina secedes from the Union

December 20, 1860

South Carolina seceded from the Union when Lincoln was elected because they felt that his goal was to ignore the State's rights and remove their ability to own slaves.