Soviet spy __ Igor Gouzenko _ defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
creation of the United Nations
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to keep the collective security of the world.
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Nobel Pease Prize
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Pease Prize.
Avro Arrow project
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. Diefenbaker was reluctant to have Canada drawn into the major conflict.
a U.N. peacekeeping mission
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus-located in the Eastern Mediterranean, south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and Palestine, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of the Cold War.
the Gulf War
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq.
Soviet Union dissolved
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
a teen was tortured to death, some low-ranking officers committed but it was found out that there have been a high-level attempt to cover up the incident.
Bosnia and Croatia
1992 - 1995
In 1991, ethnic wars broke out in the former Yugoslavia. By 1992, the war spread to the Republic of Bosnia- Herzegovina, which formed part of Yugoslavia. Bosnia- Herzegovina was inhabited by Croats, Serbs and Muslims.