TX History

Events

Settlement

1500 - 1509

Settlement and culture of Native American tribes before European Contact

Spanish Explorer, Cabeza de Vaca explores TX for Trade

1528 - 1534

Spanish Explorer, Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the TX coast

1529

French Explorer, Sieur de La Salle establishes Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay

1685

Provided the basis of the French claim to TX territory

The French Colony is massacred

1688

The French continue to claim TX but no longer physically occupy any part of the territory

1689

Alonso de Leon establishes San Francisco de los Tejas Mission in East TX, opening the Old San Antonio Rd. portion of the Camino Real

1690

Spain establishes Catholic missions throughout TX

1700 - 1799

The French give up their claims to TX and cede LA to Spain until 1800

1762

Great Britain decided they needed a standing army to enforce more control over the 13 American Colonies. IT ALL STARTED HERE

1763

Sugar Act: Tax on sugar

1764

Quartering Act: requiring the colonists to provide supplies and living quarters to British Troops

1765

Stamp Act: tax on paper goods

1765

Boston Massacre

1770

Repeal of Townsend Acts

1770

Tea Act: Tax on tea and they could only buy tea from British Markets

1773

Boston Tea party

1773

American Revolution Began at Lexington and Concord

1775

Declaration of Independence

1776

Battle of Saratoga: Turning point for the colonists in the American Rev.

1777

Articles of Confederation passed by congress

1777

Surrender of the British at Yorktown

1781

Articles of Confederation took affect

1781

Constitutional Convention: Phili

1787

New constitution

1789

Much of north TX is returned to France and later sold to the US in the LA purchase

1800

Early labor movement

1800 - 1809

Embargo Act

1807

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Treaty of Ghent, ending the war of 1812

1814

Stephen Austin begins a colony known as the Old Three Hundred along the Brazos River

1823

The conventions respond to unrest over the policies of the MX gov

1832 - 1833

Battle of Velasco- first casualties of the TX rev.

1832

Also in 1836 (TX Rev.)

1836

The battle of the Alamo in San Antonio (MX dominated)

Santa Anna (MX general) executes nearly 400 Texans at the Massacre of Goliad

Santa Anna is believe to have ended the TX rebellion

Sam Houston leads an army of 800 to victory by capturing the entire MX army at the Battle of San Jacinto

The Treaty of Velasco is signed by Santa Anna & the Republic of Texas Officials

The TX rev. officially begins in an effort to obtain freedom from MX

1836

Sam Houston moves the Capital of TX five times ending in Houston in 1937

1837

Austin becomes the capital of the Republic of TX

1839

Mexican forces twice capture San Antonio and retreat

1842

Texas admitted to the Union as a state

1845

The compromise of 1850 adjusts the state boundary and assumes TX's debts

1850

Texas secedes from the Union and joins the confederacy

1861

A government is organized, replacing Houston because of his refusal to swear allegiance to the Confederacy

1861

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Emancipation Proclamation: Ended slavery

1863

13th, 14th, and 15th amendment

1865 - 1870

13th amendment

1865

Union Troops land in Galveston and put the Emancipation Proclamation into effect in TX, thus ending slavery

1865

Reconstruction

1865 - 1867

Radical Republicans won control passing the reconstruction Act placing control of the states in the hands of the federal gov.

1866

Knight of Labor

1869

Texas readmitted to the Union

1870

Galveston is destroyed and 8,000 people are killed by a category 4 hurricane

1900

The Lucas Gusher comes in, starting the Texas Oil Boom

1901

world war 1

1914 - 1918

Prohibition

1917

19th amendment : women can vote

1920

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Dust Bowl

1930 - 1939

world war 2

1939 - 1945

korean war

1950 - 1953

Civil Rights Bus Boycott: Rosa Parks

1955

Southern Christian Leadership Conference: MLKJ

1957

U.S. Involvement in Vietnam War

1957 - 1973