Amended Fugitive Slave Act and abolished slave trade in Washington DC. Tried to avert conflict between the North and South. By Senator Henry Clay.
Allowed new states to choose to be free or slave states by the people settled there.
Only 2nd time an Act of Congress was labeled as “Unconstitutional”.
First Republican President.
Union garrison shot, but was significantly outgunned. Confederate win.
Close to Washington DC. Had about 18,000 poorly trained soldiers on each side. Confederate Win.
(Battle of Hampton Roads) The major significance of the battle is that it was the first meeting in combat of Ironclad Warships. Indecisive stalemate
Confederate army attack first, and then the Union counterattacks. Union victory.
Lee charged North to capture Maryland, and “Stonewall” Jackson tries to defend. Confederate Win.
Near Sharpsburg, Maryland. This was the Confederate retreat Lincoln wanted before giving the Gettysburg Address.
Was slow at attacking Robert E. Lee.
“Butcher”. Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Freed slaves from 10 states. Made all slaves that run to the north legally free.
Lee’s “Perfect” battle due to his decision to split his army. Confederate Victory.
Last major Confederate stronghold on Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant and the Union forces by pushed the Confederate army led by John C. Pemberton to the defensive lines surrounding Vicksburg, Mississippi. Union Victory.
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Union set up, and confederates attacked from north and south, but the Union soldiers held them off. On day 3 the Confederates surrendered. Union victory.
Tough beachhead defense made by the Confederates. Union: 1,515 casualties to Confederate's: 174 casualties.
Appointed by Lincoln to be Lieutenant general of the US Army.
Near Mechanicsville, Virginia. Union had 2 times the men, and still lost. Grant says he regrets the final attack. Confederate Victory.
Reelected during 4th year of the Civil War.
(Savannah Campaign). Marched deep into the south without supply lines. Union Victory
Long and last final part of the Civil War. Union Victory.
Fought at Appomattox Court House Union victory.
John Wilkes Booth Murdered Lincoln in Ford's Theater.