Amended Fugitive Slave Act and abolished slave trade in Washington DC. Tried to avert conflict between the North and South. By Senator Henry Clay.
May 30, 1854
Allowed new states to choose to be free or slave states by the people settled there.
Dred Scott Case
Only 2nd time an Act of Congress was labeled as “Unconstitutional”.
Lincoln Elected 1st term
November 6, 1860
First Republican President.
South Carolina Secedes
December 20 1860
January 9 1861
January 10 1861
January 11 1861
January 19 1861
January 26 1861
February 1 1861
Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
March 4 1861
April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861
Union garrison shot, but was significantly outgunned. Confederate win.
April 17, 1861
1st Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1861
Close to Washington DC. Had about 18,000 poorly trained soldiers on each side. Confederate Win.
Monitor and Merrimack (The Battle of Hampton Roads)
Mar 8 1862 - Mar 9 1862
(Battle of Hampton Roads) The major significance of the battle is that it was the first meeting in combat of Ironclad Warships. Indecisive stalemate
April 6, 1862 - April 7, 1862
Confederate army attack first, and then the Union counterattacks. Union victory.
September 12 1862 - September 15 1862
Lee charged North to capture Maryland, and “Stonewall” Jackson tries to defend. Confederate Win.
September 16 1862 - September 18 1862
Near Sharpsburg, Maryland. This was the Confederate retreat Lincoln wanted before giving the Gettysburg Address.
November 5 1862
Was slow at attacking Robert E. Lee.
December 12 1862 - December 15 1862
“Butcher”. Fredericksburg, Virginia.
January 1, 1863
Freed slaves from 10 states. Made all slaves that run to the north legally free.
April 30 1863 - May 6 1863
Lee’s “Perfect” battle due to his decision to split his army. Confederate Victory.
May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863
Last major Confederate stronghold on Mississippi. Ulysses S. Grant and the Union forces by pushed the Confederate army led by John C. Pemberton to the defensive lines surrounding Vicksburg, Mississippi. Union Victory.
July 1 1863 - July 3 1863
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Union set up, and confederates attacked from north and south, but the Union soldiers held them off. On day 3 the Confederates surrendered. Union victory.
July 18, 1863
Tough beachhead defense made by the Confederates. Union: 1,515 casualties to Confederate's: 174 casualties.
Grant takes Command
March 10, 1864
Appointed by Lincoln to be Lieutenant general of the US Army.
May 31, 1864 - June 12, 1864
Near Mechanicsville, Virginia. Union had 2 times the men, and still lost. Grant says he regrets the final attack. Confederate Victory.
November 8 1864
Reelected during 4th year of the Civil War.
Sherman's "March to the Sea"
November 15 1864 - December 21 1864
(Savannah Campaign). Marched deep into the south without supply lines. Union Victory
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
March 4 1865
Fall of Richmond
April 3, 1865
Long and last final part of the Civil War. Union Victory.
April 9, 1865
Fought at Appomattox Court House Union victory.
Assassination of Lincoln
April 15 1865
John Wilkes Booth Murdered Lincoln in Ford's Theater.