Act that allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30 - instead of public land being sold primarily for revenue, it was now being given away to encourage a rapid filling of empty spaces and to provide a stimulus to the family farm.
Battle of Little Bighorn
When gold was discovered in the Black Hills Indian Reservation in South Dakota, whites invaded the Indians' lands and drove them on the warpath. The war culminated in Colonel George A. Custer and all his men being killed.
1880 - 1920
Term used to describe the influx of people, during the late 19th century. Travelers came from Canada, Mexico, Latin America, China, Japan, and mainly Europe.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Halted Chinese immigration to America; Started when people of the West Coast attributed declining wages and economic troubles to the hated Chinese workers.
Dawes Severalty Act
This act allowed the president to survey any Indian land and divide the land into individual ownderships. It also allowed purchase of "excess land" that the Indians "didn't need".
American Protective Association
Anti-Catholic society founded to counter the growth of Roman Catholic immigrants; they advocated immigration reform and free public schools to combat the growth of parochial schools.
The first house where immigrants came to live upon entering the U.S. instruction was given in English and how to get a job, among other things. Opened by Jane Addams.
A massacre that started when Sioux left the reservation in protest because of the death of Sitting Bull. The US army killed 150 Sioux ; last major incident in the great plains.