May 17, 1954
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka decision
December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man. This started the bus boycott.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 5, 1955 the Montgomery Bus Boycott started. It lasted 13 months until segregation on public transportation systems was rule unconstitutional.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
February 14, 1957 the SCLC was established. A civil rights movement organized to model non violent behavior.
Cooper v. Aaron
September 11, 1958 The Supreme Court upheld the rule of law in Cooper v. Aaron. The law stated that official resistance and community violence could not justify delays in implementing desegregation efforts.
Sit-in "Greensboro 4"
February 1, 1960 Young African-American students sat at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, creating a sit-in movement that ignited like wildfire across the nation in college towns.
May 4, 1961 Civil Rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and following years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions
Bombing of Birmingham Baptist Church
September 15, 1963, Four black girls were killed by a bomb planted in the predominately black church.
"I Have a Dream" Speech
August 28, 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous speech.
January 23, 1964, Poll tax making it difficult for blacks to vote was abolished.
Civil Rights Act Passed
July 2, 1964 The implemented act bans discrimination in public places and in employment.
Ku Klux Klan murdered three civil rights workers.
August 4, 1964, Civil Rights workers James E. Chaney, Michael Schwerner, and Andrew Goodman were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan
Reynolds v. Sims
The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires legislative districts in states to be apportioned equally by population.
March 7, 1965, Six hundred marchers gathered in Selma, Alabama on Sunday, March 7 to peacefully protest the treatment of blacks.
Malcom X assassinated
February 21, 1965 Malxom X is assassinated in Harlem.
Voting Rights Act
August 6, 1965 The implemented act illegalizes all discriminatory voting requirements.
Miranda v. Arizona
February 28, 1966 Detained criminal suspects , must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to police questioning. These rights include the right to counsel and the right to be free of self-incrimination.
First African American Justice
August 30, 1967 President Lyndon Johnson appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Loving v. Virginia
June 12, 1967 Prohibition interracial marriage was ruled unconstitutional, forcing some states to change their state laws.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination
April 4, 1968 Dr. King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.