Civil Rights Movement

Events

Brown vs. Board of Topeka Decision

1954

May 17, 1954
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka decision

Rosa Parks

1955

December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man. This started the bus boycott.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1956

December 5, 1955 the Montgomery Bus Boycott started. It lasted 13 months until segregation on public transportation systems was rule unconstitutional.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

1957

February 14, 1957 the SCLC was established. A civil rights movement organized to model non violent behavior.

Cooper v. Aaron

1958

September 11, 1958 The Supreme Court upheld the rule of law in Cooper v. Aaron. The law stated that official resistance and community violence could not justify delays in implementing desegregation efforts.

Sit-in "Greensboro 4"

1960

February 1, 1960 Young African-American students sat at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, creating a sit-in movement that ignited like wildfire across the nation in college towns.

Freedom Riders

1961

May 4, 1961 Civil Rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and following years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions

"I Have a Dream" Speech

1963

August 28, 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous speech.

Bombing of Birmingham Baptist Church

1963

September 15, 1963, Four black girls were killed by a bomb planted in the predominately black church.

Civil Rights Act Passed

1964

July 2, 1964 The implemented act bans discrimination in public places and in employment.

Reynolds v. Sims

1964

The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires legislative districts in states to be apportioned equally by population.

24th Amendment

1964

January 23, 1964, Poll tax making it difficult for blacks to vote was abolished.

Ku Klux Klan murdered three civil rights workers.

1964

August 4, 1964, Civil Rights workers James E. Chaney, Michael Schwerner, and Andrew Goodman were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan

Bloody Sunday

1965

March 7, 1965, Six hundred marchers gathered in Selma, Alabama on Sunday, March 7 to peacefully protest the treatment of blacks.

Voting Rights Act

1965

August 6, 1965 The implemented act illegalizes all discriminatory voting requirements.

Malcom X assassinated

1965

February 21, 1965 Malxom X is assassinated in Harlem.

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

February 28, 1966 Detained criminal suspects , must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to police questioning. These rights include the right to counsel and the right to be free of self-incrimination.

Loving v. Virginia

1967

June 12, 1967 Prohibition interracial marriage was ruled unconstitutional, forcing some states to change their state laws.

First African American Justice

1967

August 30, 1967 President Lyndon Johnson appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination

1968

April 4, 1968 Dr. King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.