Rome becomes a republic.Was the period of ancient Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom.
Sparta goes to war with Persia.
The Lex Ogulina was passed,allowing plebeians to take roles in the priesthood.
Rome forces defeat the Gauls of Cisalpine Gaul in the Battle of Cremona.
By 100 BC Rome dominated the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, and directly controlled some of the wealthiest areas of the region.
The Colosseum was built in 80 AD. The completion of the Colosseum was celebrated with 100 days of games. The Romans invade Scotland.
Julius Caesar, who, after conquering Gaul, turned his armies on Rome and, after another civil war, made himself master of the Roman world. Then, on the 15th March, 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by some of his enemies.
Caesar’s assassins fled to Greece, where, in 42 BC, they were defeated by the forces of Antony and Octavian.
By 31 BC, the Roman Republic, which had existed for so long and whose power had now come to dominate the Mediterranean lands, existed in name only.
In 27 BC Octavian will rename himself Augustus, and become the first of the Roman emperors.
Nero set fire to Rome and blames the Christians for it.
Hadrian's Wall also called the Roman Wall, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in 122 AD in the reign of the emperor Hadrian.
Galen of Pergamum proves arteries are carriers of blood, overturning the earlier belief that the arteries were merely air tubes.
Rome becomes a Christian empire. Before this, Rome persecuted the Christians. Constantius dies. His son Constantine is the new vice-emperor of Galerius.
Theodosius I proclaims Christianity as the sole religion of the Roman Empire in 380 AD.
In 395 AD, Rome split into two empires - the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Each side had a ruler in charge of it. The Roman Empire was split by Theodosius.
This was the first time in 800 years that the city of Rome has fallen to an enemy. It was a huge uproar.
The last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus is defeated by the German Goth Odoacer. This is the start of the Dark Ages in Europe.
The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went. The plundering continued for three days.