Mycenae and Troy, End of Bronze Age

Events

Dagger Blades

Approx. 1600 B.C. - Approx. 1500 B.C.

inlaid metal and niello
Grave Circle A
hunters look like Minoan figures
sea life
Mycenean animal fights
*Nilote scene: lotus flowers, feline chomping on a bird, stream of water below (Nile)

Gold Funerary Masks

Approx. 1600 B.C. - Approx. 1500 B.C.

Grave Circle A

Approx. 1600 BCE

excavated by Schliemann
6 tombs marked by stele and has a shaft deep in an underground chamber
-usually war and hunting as motifs

Gold Items

Approx. 1550 B.C. - Approx. 1500 B.C.

Grave Circle A
1. Gold breastpalte w/ spiral design (1550-1500)
2. Gold diadem with circular bosses
3. gold vessels
4. gold pendant in form of Minoan goddess (1550-1500)

Female painted Head

Approx. 1300 B.C. - Approx. 1250 B.C.

painted plaster
sphinx?

Lion Gate

Approx. 1300 BCE - Approx. 1250 BCE

Cyclopean masonry
topped by lintel block
leads enemy into a narrow passageway for archers and and spear throwers to kill them
(relief) two lions w/ forepaws on the platform of Minoan style column
1. broken off heads may have looked at viewer
2. lions turn evil away
3. "apotropaic"= from or away from

Treasury of Atreus

Approx. 1300 BCE - Approx. 1250 BCE

new type of burial, sometimes covered in a mound
long corridor (dromos) to a high triangular panel (with a relieving block)
corbel, domed space with gleaming stones like scales or abeehive

Warrior Vase

Approx. 1200 B.C.

terracotta
row of soldiers with crescent shaped noses
fully armored and full profile