U.S. History



1595 - 1617

Powhatan princess who befriended the English colonists at Jamestown and is said to have saved Capt. John Smith from execution by her people. She married the colonist John Rolfe (1614) and later traveled to England, where she died.

Roger Williams

1603 - 1683

a Reformed Baptist who was an early proponent of religious freedom and separation of church and state

Jamestown Founded


named after King James I , the settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America.

John Smith

1608 - 1609

saved by Pocahontas

John Rolfe


He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas

Starving Time

1609 - 1610

a period of forced starvation initiated by the Powhatan Confederacy to remove the English from Virginia, killed all but 60 of 400

Rolfe Tobacco


Rolfe was the first one to ever plant a tobacco plant

Plymouth Rock


spot in Massachusetts where the Mayflower boat landed

Mayflower Compact


First governing document of the Plymouth colony

"Great Migraation"

1630 - 1640

puritans to Massachusetts

John Locke

1632 - 1704

"Father of Liberalism"

Pequot War

1634 - 1638

between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies

Anne Hutchinson

1636 - 1638

was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638

King Philip's War

1675 - 1676

Aka Metacom's War, armed conflict between Native Americans in England and colonists.

Bacon's Rebellion

1676 - 1677

was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley

Toleration Act


act of Parliament granting freedom of worship to Nonconformists

Great Awakening

1730 - 1743

a series of religious revivals in the North American British colonies

First Continental Congress


meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies hat met early in the American Revolution

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A series of military engagements between Britain and France in North America between 1754 and 1763. The French and Indian War was the American phase of the Seven Years' War, which was then underway in Europe.

Proclamation of 1763


Issued by King George III, after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains

Sugar Act


raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market

Currency Act


to protect British merchants and creditors from being paid in depreciated colonial currency

Stamp Act


an act of the British Parliament in 1765 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents

Quartering Act


designed to force local colonial governments to provide provisions and housing to British soldiers stationed in the 13 Colonies of America

Declaratory Act


stated that the British Parliament's taxing authority was the same in America as in Great Britain

Townshend Revenue Act


design to collect revenue from the colonist in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

a riot in Boston arising from the resentment of Boston colonists towards British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops shot at the mob and killed several people

Tea Act


to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive.

Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

a raid on three British ships in Boston Harbor in which Boston colonists, disguised as Indians, threw the contents of several hundred chests of tea into the harbor as a protest against British taxes on tea and against the monopoly granted the East India Company.

Second Continental Congress


a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Battle of Trenton


a small but pivotal battle during the American Revolutionary War which took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey

Battle of Lexington and Concord


The first battle of the Revolutionary War

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.

Battle of Saratoga


A major battle of the Revolutionary War, fought in 1777 in northern New York state

Articles of Confederation


the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789

Treaty of Paris


signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Shay's followers protested the foreclosures of farms for debt and briefly succeeded in shutting down the court system.

Constitution of United States

1787 - 1788

The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.

Judiciary Act of 1789


It established the federal judiciary of the United States

Tariff Act


established the lower federal courts

George Washington


first president, the commanding general of the victorious American army in the Revolutionary War

Eli Whitney

1790 - 1825

was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin

Bill of Rights


the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship

Bill Rights


the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1794

invented by Eli Whitney to help separate seeds from cotton

Jay's Treaty


The Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation

XYZ Affair

1797 - 1798

was a political and diplomatic episode in 1797 and 1798

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798 - 1799

sought to restrict the public activities of political radicals who sympathized with the French Revolution and criticized Adams's Federalist policies

Louisiana Purchase


for a total of 828,000 square miles the Louisiana territory became a part of the United States for 15 million.

Abraham Lincoln


he lead America through the civil war and abolished slavery

Ulysses S. Grant

March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1877

. As Commanding General of the United States Army, Grant worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.