The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to make plans for an international agency that would prevent another global conflict to maintain peace and security.
Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
Communism & capitalism were incompatible.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace making.Stalin supports North Korea who invade South Korea equipped with Soviet weapons.
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Lester Pearson, Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations, wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project, a state-of-art supersonic jet aircraft.
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. Diefenbaker, the Prime Minister was reluctant to have Canada drawn into a major conflict that seemed largely rooted in the United States policy and interest. Canadian government refused to put NORAD forces on alert. It did not allow U.S. planes with atomic weapons land at Canadian bases.
US military buildup to defend South Vietnam. North Vietnam has also committed its forces in the war. US begins sustained bombing of North Vietnam. Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder in a speech at a university in Philadelphia which enraged President Johnson.
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau, Canadian Prime Minister, visited Communist China on a peace mission.
North Vietnam defeated South Vietnam which falls to Communist forces.
It was symbolizing the Cold War and the tensions that divided East from West.
Canada sent troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq.
Multiple ethnics and cultures. Fighting over land, religious beliefs. Ethnic cleansing.
Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation: A teenager found wandering in the Canadian base camp was tortured and beaten to death by some Canadian soldiers which ruined the reputation of Canada’s armed forces.
Canada sends soldiers and later police.
This small nation was torn by ethnic rivalries. It was facing genocide.