Social 11:Cold War Timeline

Events

Spy Ring in Canada

1945

Soviet spy Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

creation of United Nations

1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.

NATO vs Warsaw Pact

1949

NATO = the North Atlantic Treaty Organization - is created as a military defense alliance because of dears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response, The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Canada's role in Korea War

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27,000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacekeeping.

UN ambassador: Lester Pearson

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

first UN peacekeeping troops

1956

Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Lester Pearson's reward

1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

Avro Arrow project

1959

Diefenbaker's Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project (state-of-the-art supersonic jet aircraft).

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. Diefenbaker wanted UN send a fact-finding mission to Cuba, and he didn't trust the photographs.

peacekeeping mission in Cyprus

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus. It is an island between Europe and Asia.

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam War: Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder in a speech at a university.

Trudeau → China

1970

Trudeau's government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Peace Mission

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

Trudeau → Cuba

1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba.

End of Cold War

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of Cold War.

Gulf War against Iraq

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacemaking.

Breaking down of Soviet Union

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

Describe the problems in this region: The leader of the Federal Republic of Yugosiavia, wanted to establish a greater Serbia by uniting all the Serbian population from surrounding states into one country, and part of the Bosnia got “invaded” by Serbia.

Somalia

1992

Members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager found wondering in the Canadian base camp. The teen was tortured and beaten to death.

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police.

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Two groups of people separated the nation apart because of ethnic rivalries. Close to a million people had died including many women, old people, and babies.