Soviet spy Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.
NATO = the North Atlantic Treaty Organization - is created as a military defense alliance because of dears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response, The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Korea: Canada sends 27,000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacekeeping.
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Diefenbaker's Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project (state-of-the-art supersonic jet aircraft).
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. Diefenbaker wanted UN send a fact-finding mission to Cuba, and he didn't trust the photographs.
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus. It is an island between Europe and Asia.
Vietnam War: Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder in a speech at a university.
Trudeau's government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba.
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the end of Cold War.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacemaking.
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Describe the problems in this region: The leader of the Federal Republic of Yugosiavia, wanted to establish a greater Serbia by uniting all the Serbian population from surrounding states into one country, and part of the Bosnia got “invaded” by Serbia.
Members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager found wondering in the Canadian base camp. The teen was tortured and beaten to death.
Canada sends soldiers and later police.
Two groups of people separated the nation apart because of ethnic rivalries. Close to a million people had died including many women, old people, and babies.