Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

Soviet spy Logor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco.

June 1945

Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to maintain world in peace and security.

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance

1949

The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action

1950 - 1953

A peacekeeper

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

1952

First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

1956

Lester Pearson wins the Noble Peace Prize.

1957

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

1959

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.

1962

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

1964

Cyprus’s location is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China

1970

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

1976

Berlin Wall comes down, the Cold War was ending

1989

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq

1991

Bosnia and Croatia fight with each other and the United nation could not stop them so could not make peace between the

1992 - 1995

Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation was damaged, because all the soldiers did bad things to a teenager.

1992

Canada sends soldiers and later police

1993 - 1997

closed to a million people died in Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Including old people, women and babies