Social 11 Cold War Timeline


Soviet Spy Defects To Canada


Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada

The United Nations Created

June 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to collective security

NATO Was Created


NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Conflicts Of Korea

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace ceasefire.

Lester Pearson Becomes Canada's Ambassador


Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez Crisis


Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Lester Pearson Won The Nobel Prize


Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Avro Arrow Project


Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

Cuban Missile Crisis


The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war

Cyprus Peacekeeping Mission


Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam was divided into north/south.north Vietnam was victorious and unified the country under communist rule

Communist Recognization


Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan)

Communist China Peace Mission


Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission

Communist Cuba


Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin Became Reunited


Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the East/West Berlin became reunited.

Soviet Union Dissolved


Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Gulf War


Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace.

Bosnia And Croatia

1992 - 1995

Fighting had spread to the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina

Somalia Peacekeeping


CAR arrested a Somali teenager and he was tortured and beaten to death

Civil War And Chaos In Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police

Rwanda Genocide

1994 - 1995

A plane was shot down and President Habyarimana, a Hutu died. Violence began almost immediately after that. Many people were killed