Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada
The United Nations Created
The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to collective security
NATO Was Created
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
Conflicts Of Korea
1950 - 1953
Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace ceasefire.
Lester Pearson Becomes Canada's Ambassador
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Lester Pearson Won The Nobel Prize
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize
Avro Arrow Project
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war
Cyprus Peacekeeping Mission
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus
1965 - 1973
Vietnam was divided into north/south.north Vietnam was victorious and unified the country under communist rule
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan)
Communist China Peace Mission
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Berlin Became Reunited
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the East/West Berlin became reunited.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace.
Soviet Union Dissolved
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Bosnia And Croatia
1992 - 1995
Fighting had spread to the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
CAR arrested a Somali teenager and he was tortured and beaten to death
Civil War And Chaos In Haiti
1993 - 1997
Canada sends soldiers and later police
1994 - 1995
A plane was shot down and President Habyarimana, a Hutu died. Violence began almost immediately after that. Many people were killed