Social 11 Cold War Timeline

Events

Soviet Spy Defects To Canada

1945

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada

The United Nations Created

June 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to collective security

NATO Was Created

1949

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Conflicts Of Korea

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace ceasefire.

Lester Pearson Becomes Canada's Ambassador

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez Crisis

1956

Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Lester Pearson Won The Nobel Prize

1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Avro Arrow Project

1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war

Cyprus Peacekeeping Mission

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam was divided into north/south.north Vietnam was victorious and unified the country under communist rule

Communist Recognization

1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan)

Communist China Peace Mission

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission

Communist Cuba

1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin Became Reunited

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the East/West Berlin became reunited.

Soviet Union Dissolved

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Gulf War

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace.

Bosnia And Croatia

1992 - 1995

Fighting had spread to the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina

Somalia Peacekeeping

1992

CAR arrested a Somali teenager and he was tortured and beaten to death

Civil War And Chaos In Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police

Rwanda Genocide

1994 - 1995

A plane was shot down and President Habyarimana, a Hutu died. Violence began almost immediately after that. Many people were killed