Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

Soviet Spy

1945

Soviet Spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

United Nations

June 1945

The United Nation is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict.

NATO

1949

NATO-the North Atlantic Treaty Organization-is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955

Korea

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27,000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peace-making.

Lester Pearson

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada's ambassador to the United States

Suez, Egypt

1956

First U.N peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war

Nobel Peace Prize

1957

Lester Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize

cancel the Avro Arrow Project

1959

Diefenbaker's Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

Cuba Missile Crisis

1962

The U.S and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

It is a major conflict in the Cold War. The north was communist-controlled . The government in the south, although more a dictatorship than a democracy, was supported by the USA.

Trudeau

1970

Trudeau's government officially recognize Communist China.

Pierre Trudeau

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

Trudeau visits Cuba

1/26/1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin Wall falls

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the Cold War ended.

USSR collapses

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

the Gulf War

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peace-keeping

Somalia

1992

A serious shadow had been cast upon the reputation of Canada's armed force.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

The United States and Canada failed to control the situation.

Civil war in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Canada sends soldiers and later police

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

a massive wave of killings in Rwanda