Abortion in the United States

Events

1973

1973

Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision strikes down all state laws that had previously made abortion illegal.

1974

1974

Jan. 22: The first March for Life is held in Washington, D.C., on the west steps of the Capitol. Thousands of pro-lifers have attended the March for Life every year on the anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision.

1976

1976

In Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth, the Supreme Court strikes down requirements for parents and spouses to consent to abortions.

1980

1980

In Harris v. McRae, the Supreme Court upholds the Hyde amendment, which restricts Medicaid funding of abortions to those procedures needed to protect the life of the pregnant woman and to those required in other special circumstances.

1986

1986

Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists, the Supreme Court strikes down a Pennsylvania statue requiring a woman seeking an abortion to receive from her doctor a state-sponsored lecture about potential risks and detailing alternatives.

1992

1992

n Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania. v. Casey, the Supreme Court upholds the core of its Roe v. Wade ruling and ban states from outlawing most abortions. But it abandons the trimester plan and instead adopts a new test -- abortion regulations that present an "undue burden" on women's constitutional right will be prohibited.

2006

2006

South Dakota Gov. Mike Rounds signs into law the first abortion law in the U.S. since Roe v. Wade. The law bans most abortions in the state, excluding those abortions necessary to save a woman’s life. Doctors who are convicted of performing abortions face a felony charge of up to five years in prison and a $5,000 fine.

2010

2010

Nebraska beoomes the first state to pass the Pain Capable Unborn Child Protection Act (which took effect October 15), banning abortions after 20 weeks' gestation on the basis of the pain abortion causes to the unborn child.

2016

2016

Ohio lawmakers pass a "Heartbeat Bill" that would ban abortions in that state from the moment the heartbeat of a fetus can be detected