The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to maintain world peace and prevent future conflict/war.
Igor Gouzenko event
5 September 1945
Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
NATO and Warsaw Pact
1949 - 1955
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
25 June 1950 - 27 July 1953
Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacekeeping.
29 October 1956 - 7 November 1956
Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
The Avro Arrow
1957 - 1959
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. What was the Arrow?
It’s a kind of fighter which developed by Canada to protect the safeness.
The Nobel Peace Prize
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
Cuba Missiles Cirsis
16 October 1962 - 18 October 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis: The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond?
He refused to place the troops in NORAD and didn’t let American atomic planes land in Canada
22 April 1963 - 20 April 1968
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
1965 - 1973
Vietnam War: What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam?
He doubted at the war.
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba
Cold war ends
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the cold war ends.
USSR fell apart
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Peacekeeping in Iraq
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeping.
Somalia: what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation? A boy was tortured and beat to death by Canadian Airborne Regiment.
Bosnia and Croatia
7 July 1992 - 1995
Bosnia and Croatia: Describe the problems in this region:
The Bosnia-Herzegovnia was in habited by other countries, Canada send peacekeeping to help but failed.
1993 - 1997
Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.
1994 - 1995
Rwanda: describe the disaster in Rwanda. Rwanda was torn apart by the ethnic rivalries, UN sent some peacekeepers but still caused millions of people des.