The Space Race: USA vs USSR

Events

USSR launches Sputnik 1

October 4, 1957

This starts the space race.

USSR lauches Sputnik 2

November 3, 1957

Sputnik 2 carried the first living creature into orbit.

Explorer 1 is launched

January 31, 1958

Explorer one was the first American satellite to reach orbit. It also led to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt,

NASA is formed

October 1, 1958

NASA being formed helped to further the USA in the space race by supplying information and experiments.

Luna 1 is launched

January 2, 1959

Luna 1 was the first man-made object to orbit the Sun.

Luna 2 is launched

September 12, 1959

Luna 2 later impacts the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to do so.

Luna 3 orbits the Moon

October 4, 1959

Luna 3 is able to photograph 70% of the Moon's surface, the most thus far.

Tiros 1 is launched

April 1, 1960

Tiros 1 was the first successful weather satellite. It got the ball rolling for the satellites we have today that save many lives with their accurate and helpful weather readings.

Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once

April 12, 1961

Gagarin was the first man in space.

Alan B. Shepard is lauched into space

May 5, 1961

Shepard was the first American in space.

Valentia Tereshkova goes into space

June 16, 1963

Tereshkova was the first woman in space.

Alexei Leonov spends 12 minutes outside his spacecraft

March 18, 1965

Leonov performed the first spacewalk.

Luna 9 soft-lands on the Moon

February 3, 1966

Luna 9 was the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon.

Luna 10 orbits the Moon

April 3, 1966

Luna 10 was the first satellite to orbit the Moon.

Neil Armstrong & Edwin Aldrin walk on the Moon

June 20, 1969

Armstrong and Aldrin were the first men to walk on the Moon.