Renaissance composers

Events

John Dunstable

Approx. 1390 - 24 December 1453

was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods. He was one of the most famous composers active in the early 15th century, a near-contemporary of Leonel Power, and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School.

The spelling "Dunstaple" is preferred by Margaret Bent, since it occurs in more than twice as many musical attributions as that of "Dunstable". The few English musical sources are equally divided between "b" and "p"; however, the contemporary non-musical sources, including those with a claim to a direct association with the composer, spell his name with a "p." Both spellings remain in common usage.

Guillaume Dufay

5 August 1397 - 27 November 1474

was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. A central figure in the Burgundian School, he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading composers in Europe in the mid-15th century

invention of printing press by J.Gutenberg

1440

Johannes Ockeghem

Approx. 1450 - 27 August 1521

was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher.

Juan De Enzina

12 July 1468 - 1529

was a composer, poet and playwright,[2]:535 often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama.[1] His name at birth was Juan de Fermoselle.[1]

Ludwig Senfl

1486 - 2 December 1542

was a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany.

Claudin de Sermisy

Approx. 1490 - 13 October 1562

was a French composer of the Renaissance.[1] Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.

Christopher Columbus Discovered America

1492

Luis De Narvaez

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1555

was a Spanish composer and vihuelist. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Narváez is known today for Los seys libros del delphín, a collection of polyphonic music for the vihuela which includes the earliest known variation sets. He is also notable for being the earliest composer for vihuela to adapt the contemporary Italian style of lute music.

Cristóbal de Morales

Approx. 4 September 1500 - 7 October 1553

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Victoria.[citation needed]

Andrea Amati

Approx. 1505 - 26 December 1577

Amati is credited with making the first instruments of the violin family that are in the form we use today.[3] According to the National Music Museum in Vermillion, South Dakota:

It was in the workshop of Andrea Amati (ca. 1505-1577) in Cremona, Italy, in the middle of the 16th century that the form of the instruments of the violin family as we know them today first crystallized.

Several of his instruments survive to the present day, and some of them can still be played.[3][4] Many of the surviving instruments were among a consignment of 38 instruments delivered to Charles IX of France in 1564.

Antonio de Cabezón

30 March 1510 - 26 March 1566

was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist. Blind from childhood, he quickly rose to prominence as a performer and was eventually employed by the royal family. He was among the most important composers of his time and the first major Iberian keyboard composer.

Publication of Marthin Lutlet s themes

1517

Palestrina

30 September 1525 - 2 February 1594

was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.[2] He had a lasting influence on the development of church music, and his work has often been seen as the culmination of Renaissance polyphony.[2]

Francisco Guerrero

4 October 1528 - 8 November 1599

was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville.

Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the church in England

1531

Trento s Council

1545

Tomas Luis de Victoria

Approx. 1548 - 27 August 1611

was the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer.[1]

Monteverdi

15 May 1567 - 29 November 1643

was an Italian composer, gambist, singer, and Catholic priest.[2]

Monteverdi is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history.[3] While he worked extensively in the tradition of earlier Renaissance polyphony, such as in his madrigals, he also made great developments in form and melody and began employing the basso continuo technique, distinctive of the Baroque.[4] Monteverdi wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is the earliest surviving opera still regularly performed.