JAV131 Movements

Movements

Art Nouveau

1890 - 1915

Futurism

1910 - 1920

Constructivism

1910 - 1940

Expressionism

1914 - 1923

Modernism

1917 - 1933

De Stijl

1920 - 1930

International Style

1920 - 1970

can be argued over dates - labeled in 1932

Art Deco

1925 - 1939

Monumentalism

1930 - 1945

Stalin- Before 1945: Boris Iofan, After 1945 - Lev Rudnev
Hitler - Alber Speer
Mussolini - Marcello Piacentini

Modernism (during/post WWII)

1940 - 1960

Brutalism

1950 - 1970

Metabolism

1950 - 1980

Post Modernism

1965 - 1990

Critical Regionalism

1975 - 1992

Also known as Contextualism

Critical Reconstruction

1975 - 1992

Post-postmodern

1991 - 2016

Historical Context

Development of Reinforced Concrete

1870 - 1900

most intense development

Great Chicago Fire

1871

SKYSCRAPERS
glass, steel, and the elevator!

World War I

1914 - 1918

The Great Depression

1929 - 1941

World War II

1939 - 1945

Cold War

1947 - 1991

note end date

The Vietnam War

1959 - 1975

World Expo's

London - Paxton Crystal Palace

1851

Paris Eiffel Tower

1889

Arts Decoratifs

1925

marks Art Deco, Le Corbusier’s Esprit Nouveau pavilion, Melnikov for Soviet Union

Speer for Germany and Iofan for the Soviet Union

1937

New York

1939

SOM, Niemeyer, Aalto, Iofan again

Expo 67

1967

Buckminster Fuller, Safide Habitat Housing

Osaka

1970

Metabolism, Kenzo Tange